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The War in North-West Pakistan, also known as the War in Waziristan, is an armed conflict involving the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, and armed militant groups such as the Tehrik-i-Taliban Pakistan , Jundallah, Lashkar-e-Islam , Tehreek-e-Nafaz-e-Shariat-e-Mohammadi , al-Qaeda, the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant , and elements of organized crime.

War in North-West Pakistan
Part of the Global War on Terrorism and the
spillover of the War in Afghanistan (2001–14)
Date 16 March 2004 – present
(12 years, 9 months, 2 weeks and 2 days)
Location Federally Administered Tribal Areas and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province, Pakistan
Status

Ongoing

Belligerents

 Pakistan


 United States

Taliban-aligned groups

 Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (from 2015)

Commanders and leaders
Pakistan Pakistan
President
Mamnoon Hussain
Pervez Musharraf
Asif Ali Zardari
Prime Minister
Nawaz Sharif
Shaukat Aziz
Yousaf Raza Gillani
Chairman JCSC
Rashad Mahmood
Tariq Majid
Shameem Wynne
Army Chief
Raheel Sharif
Ashfaq Parvez Kayani
DG ISI
Rizwan Akhtar

Zaheerul Islam
Shuja Pasha
Nadeem Taj

Tehrik-i-Taliban

Maulana Fazlullah
Khan Saeed Mehsud Sajna  
Hafiz Gul Bahadur
Adnan Rashid
Mangal Bagh  
Abdul Aziz Ghazi  
Hakimullah Mehsud  
Abdullah Mehsud  
Baitullah Mehsud  
Maulvi Nazir  
Faqir Mohammed  
Nek Muhammad Wazir  
Abdul Rashid Ghazi  
Sufi Muhammad  
Nasib Zada  
al-Qaeda
Ayman al-Zawahiri
Osama bin Laden  
Ilyas Kashmiri  
Mohammad Hasan Khalil al-Hakim  
Atiyah Abd al-Rahman  
Abu Laith al-Libi  
Abu Yahya al-Libi  
Abu-Zaid al Kuwaiti  
Fahid Mohammed Ally Msalam  
Sheikh Ahmed Salim Swedan  
Sheikh Fateh  
Adnan Gulshair el Shukrijumah  

Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant ISIL
Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi
Hafiz Saeed Khan 
Abdul Rahim Muslim Dost
Usman Ghazi 

Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant IMU Group
Usman Ghazi 
Tohir Yuldashev 
Najmiddin Jalolov 
Abu Usman Adil 
Strength

Pakistan

140,000 Pakistani troops
Unknown no. of air squadrons of Navy and PAF fighter jets, including JF-17 and F-16 jets
~10,000 Frontier Corps
United States
UAV drones
CIA operatives
U.S. Special Forces

~25,000 TTP militia
~2,000 Lashkar-e-Islam militia
~1,000 TNSM militia

300–3,000 al-Qaeda militants

 ISIL

  • Jundallah: 12,000–20,000
  • IMU: 500–1,000
Casualties and losses
Pakistan:
7,000+ security forces members killed and 11,910+ soldiers wounded
United States:
15 soldiers killed
33,230 militants killed
20,506 civilians killed
35,600–65,000+ killed overall (2003–16)
Over 3.44 million civilians displaced
View of the Marriot hotel after the attack.

The War in North-West Pakistan, also known as the War in Waziristan, is an armed conflict involving the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, and armed militant groups such as the Tehrik-i-Taliban Pakistan (TTP), Jundallah, Lashkar-e-Islam (LeI), Tehreek-e-Nafaz-e-Shariat-e-Mohammadi (TNSM), al-Qaeda, the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL), and elements of organized crime.

The armed conflict began in 2004, when tensions, rooted in the Pakistan Army's search for al-Qaeda fighters in Pakistan's mountainous Waziristan area (in the Federally Administered Tribal Areas), escalated into armed resistance. Pakistan's actions were presented as its contribution to the international War on Terror. Clashes further erupted between unified Pakistan Armed Forces and the Central Asian militant groups, allied with the Arab fighters, in 2008–10. The foreign militants were joined by Pakistani non-military veterans of the Afghan War to the west, which subsequently established the TTP and other militant umbrella organizations, such as LeI. The TNSM established in 1992 allied with the TTP and LeI.

The war depleted the country's manpower resources, and the outcomes outlined a deep effect on its national economy, since Pakistan had joined the USA-led War on Terror. According to the Ministry of Finance (MoF) statistics and mathematical data survey collections, the economy has suffered direct and indirect losses of up to ~$67.93 billion since 2001 due to its role as a "frontline state." According to the MoF-issued Pakistan Economic Survey 2010–11, "Pakistan has never witnessed such a devastating social and economic upheaval in its industry, even after dismemberment of the country by a direct war with India in 1971."

By 2014, casualty rates from terrorism in the country as a whole dropped by 40% as compared to 2011–13, with even greater drops noted in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa despite the province being the site of a large massacre of schoolchildren by TTP terrorists in December 2014. A year later in 2015, Forbes cited Pakistan's "progress on the security front and the increased political stability" among other factors to call it the next "global turnaround success story."

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