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Anthony John "Tony" Abbott is an Australian politician who was the 28th Prime Minister of Australia, from 18 September 2013 to 15 September 2015. Abbott was leader of the Liberal Party of Australia from 2009 to 2015, and has been a member of parliament for Warringah since 1994.

The Honourable

MP
Tony Abbott - 2010.jpg
Abbott in 2010
28th Prime Minister of Australia
In office
18 September 2013 – 15 September 2015
Monarch Elizabeth II
Governor-General Quentin Bryce
Peter Cosgrove
Deputy Warren Truss
Preceded by Kevin Rudd
Succeeded by Malcolm Turnbull
Leader of the Liberal Party
In office
1 December 2009 – 14 September 2015
Deputy Julie Bishop
Preceded by Malcolm Turnbull
Succeeded by Malcolm Turnbull
Leader of the Opposition
In office
1 December 2009 – 18 September 2013
Monarch Elizabeth II
Prime Minister Kevin Rudd
Julia Gillard
Kevin Rudd
Deputy Julie Bishop
Preceded by Malcolm Turnbull
Succeeded by Chris Bowen
Minister for Health and Ageing
In office
7 October 2003 – 3 December 2007
Prime Minister John Howard
Preceded by Kay Patterson
Succeeded by Nicola Roxon
Leader of the House
In office
26 November 2001 – 3 December 2007
Prime Minister John Howard
Preceded by Peter Reith
Succeeded by Anthony Albanese
Minister Assisting the Prime Minister for the Public Service
In office
26 November 2001 – 7 October 2003
Prime Minister John Howard
Preceded by David Kemp
Succeeded by Kevin Andrews
Minister for Employment, Workplace Relations and Small Business / Minister for Employment and Workplace Relations
In office
30 January 2001 – 7 October 2003
Prime Minister John Howard
Preceded by Peter Reith
Succeeded by Kevin Andrews
Minister for Employment Services
In office
21 October 1998 – 30 January 2001
Prime Minister John Howard
Preceded by Chris Ellison
Succeeded by Mal Brough
10th Chairman of the Commonwealth of Nations
In office
18 September 2013 – 15 November 2013
Preceded by Kevin Rudd
Succeeded by Mahinda Rajapaksa
Member of the Australian Parliament
for Warringah
Assumed office
26 March 1994
Preceded by Michael MacKellar
Majority 27,421 (15.35%)
Personal details
Born Anthony John Abbott
(1957-11-04) 4 November 1957 (age 59)
London, United Kingdom
Political party Liberal Party of Australia
Other political
affiliations
Coalition
Spouse(s) Margie Aitken (m. 1988)
Children

Louise (born 1989)

Frances (born 1991)

Bridget (born 1993)
Education
  • University of Sydney
  • Queen's College, Oxford
  • St Patrick's Seminary, Manly
Religion Roman Catholicism
Website Official website
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Prime Minister of Australia



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Anthony John "Tony" Abbott (born 4 November 1957) is an Australian politician who was the 28th Prime Minister of Australia, from 18 September 2013 to 15 September 2015. Abbott was leader of the Liberal Party of Australia from 2009 to 2015, and has been a member of parliament for Warringah since 1994.

Abbott was born in London, to an Australian mother and a British father, and emigrated to Sydney, Australia, with his parents in 1960. Prior to entering Parliament, Abbott took the degrees of Bachelor of Economics and Bachelor of Laws at the University of Sydney, then attended The Queen's College, Oxford, as a Rhodes Scholar, graduating as a Bachelor of Arts in Philosophy, Politics and Economics. He later proceeded by seniority to Master of Arts.

After graduating from Oxford, Abbott trained as a Roman Catholic seminarian, and later worked as a journalist, a manager, and a political adviser. In 1992, he was appointed Director of Australians for Constitutional Monarchy, a position he held until his election to Parliament in 1994. Abbott was first appointed to Cabinet following the 1998 election, as part of the Second Howard Ministry, becoming Minister for Employment, Workplace Relations and Small Business.

In 2003, Abbott became Minister for Health and Ageing, retaining this position until the defeat of the Howard Government at the 2007 election. Initially serving in the Shadow Cabinets of Brendan Nelson and then Malcolm Turnbull, Abbott resigned from the front bench in November 2009, in protest against Turnbull's support for the Rudd Government's proposed Emissions Trading Scheme (ETS). Forcing a leadership ballot on the subject, Abbott defeated Turnbull by 42 votes to 41, to become the Party's leader and Leader of the Opposition.

Abbott led the Coalition at the 2010 election, which resulted in a hung parliament. Following negotiations, Labor formed a Government, with the support of one Greens MP and three Independent MPs. Abbott was re-elected as Liberal Leader unopposed. Abbott went on to lead the Coalition to victory in the 2013 election and was sworn in as the 28th Prime Minister of Australia on 18 September 2013. On 14 September 2015, Abbott was defeated in a vote for the Liberal leadership (54 votes to 44) by Malcolm Turnbull, who replaced Abbott as Prime Minister the following day.