Thomas Allen "Tom" Coburn is an American politician and medical doctor. A member of the Republican Party, he was the junior United States Senator from Oklahoma.
|United States Senator |
|In office |
January 3, 2005 – January 3, 2015
|Preceded by||Don Nickles|
|Succeeded by||James Lankford|
|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives |
from Oklahoma's 2nd district
|In office |
January 3, 1995 – January 3, 2001
|Preceded by||Mike Synar|
|Succeeded by||Brad Carson|
|Born||Thomas Allen Coburn |
March 14, 1948
Casper, Wyoming, U.S.
|Alma mater||Oklahoma State University, Stillwater |
University of Oklahoma
Coburn was elected to the U.S. House of Representatives in 1994 as part of the Republican Revolution. He upheld his campaign pledge to serve no more than three consecutive terms and did not run for re-election in 2000. In 2004, he returned to political life with a successful run for the U.S. Senate. Coburn was re-elected to a second term in 2010 and pledged not to seek a third term in 2016. In January 2014, Coburn announced he would retire before the expiration of his final term. He submitted a letter of resignation to Oklahoma Governor Mary Fallin, effective at the end of the 113th Congress.
Coburn is a fiscal and social conservative, known for his opposition to deficit spending and pork barrel projects and for his opposition to abortion. Described as "the godfather of the modern conservative, austerity movement", he supports term limits, gun rights and the death penalty and opposes same-sex marriage and embryonic stem cell research. Democrats have referred to him as "Dr. No."