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The Economist is an English-language weekly news magazine owned by the Economist Group and edited in offices in London. Continuous publication began under its founder, James Wilson, in September 1843. For historical reasons, The Economist refers to itself as a newspaper, but each print edition appears on small glossy paper in the form of a news magazine. In 2006 its average weekly circulation was reported to be 1.5 million, about half of which were sold in the United States.

The Economist
'The Economist' cover (September 8, 2001).png
Cover of the 8 September 2001 issue of The Economist.
Type Weekly news magazine
Format Magazine
Owner(s) The Economist Group
Founder(s) James Wilson
Editor Zanny Minton Beddoes
Founded September 1843; 173 years ago (1843-09)
Political alignment Classical liberalism
Economic liberalism
Centrism
Headquarters 25 St. James's Street, Westminster
London, England
Circulation 1,554,948 (print)
ISSN 0013-0613
Website www.economist.com

The Economist is an English-language weekly news magazine owned by the Economist Group and edited in offices in London. Continuous publication began under its founder, James Wilson, in September 1843. For historical reasons, The Economist refers to itself as a newspaper, but each print edition appears on small glossy paper in the form of a news magazine. In 2006 its average weekly circulation was reported to be 1.5 million, about half of which were sold in the United States.

The publication belongs to the Economist Group. It is 50% owned by the English branch of the Rothschild family and by the Agnelli family through its holding company Exor. The remaining 50% is held by private investors including the editors and staff. The Rothschilds and the Agnellis are represented on the board of directors. A board of trustees formally appoints the editor, who cannot be removed without its permission. Although The Economist has a global emphasis and scope, about two-thirds of the 75 staff journalists are based in the City of Westminster, London. For the year to March 2016 the Economist Group declared operating profit of £61m. Previous major shareholders include Pearson PLC.

The Economist takes an editorial stance of classical and economic liberalism which is supportive of free trade, globalisation, free immigration and cultural liberalism (such as supporting legal recognition for same-sex marriage or drug liberalization). The publication has described itself as "a product of the Caledonian liberalism of Adam Smith and David Hume."

It targets highly educated readers and claims an audience containing many influential executives and policy-makers. The publication's CEO described this recent global change, which was first noticed in the 1990s and accelerated in the beginning of the 21st century, as a "new age of Mass Intelligence."

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