WikiNow lets you discover the news you care about, follow the topics that matter to you and share your favourite stories with your friends.

© WikiNow

Space Exploration Technologies Corporation, better known as SpaceX, is an American aerospace manufacturer and space transport services company headquartered in Hawthorne, California, United States. It was founded in 2002 by Tesla Motors CEO and former PayPal entrepreneur Elon Musk with the goal of creating the technologies to reduce space transportation costs and enable the colonization of Mars. It has developed the Falcon 1 and Falcon 9 launch vehicles, both designed to be reusable, and the Dragon spacecraft which is flown into orbit by the Falcon 9 launch vehicle to supply the International Space Station with cargo. A manned version of Dragon is in development.

SpaceX
Private
Industry Aerospace
Founded June 2002; 14 years ago (2002-06)
Founder Elon Musk
Headquarters Hawthorne, California, U.S.
33°55′15″N 118°19′40″W / 33.9207°N 118.3278°W / 33.9207; -118.3278Coordinates: 33°55′15″N 118°19′40″W / 33.9207°N 118.3278°W / 33.9207; -118.3278
Key people
Elon Musk

Gwynne Shotwell

Tom Mueller
Products Falcon 9
Dragon
Services Orbital rocket launch
Number of employees
nearly 5,000
Website www.spacex.com
Footnotes / references

Space Exploration Technologies Corporation, better known as SpaceX, is an American aerospace manufacturer and space transport services company headquartered in Hawthorne, California, United States. It was founded in 2002 by Tesla Motors CEO and former PayPal entrepreneur Elon Musk with the goal of creating the technologies to reduce space transportation costs and enable the colonization of Mars. It has developed the Falcon 1 and Falcon 9 launch vehicles, both designed to be reusable, and the Dragon spacecraft which is flown into orbit by the Falcon 9 launch vehicle to supply the International Space Station (ISS) with cargo. A manned version of Dragon is in development.

SpaceX's achievements include the first privately funded, liquid-propellant rocket (Falcon 1) to reach orbit, in 2008; the first privately funded company to successfully launch, orbit and recover a spacecraft (Dragon), in 2010; and the first private company to send a spacecraft (Dragon) to the ISS, in 2012. The launch of SES-8, in 2013, was the first SpaceX delivery into geosynchronous orbit, while the launch of the Deep Space Climate Observatory (DSCOVR), in 2015, was the company's first delivery beyond Earth orbit.

SpaceX began a privately funded reusable launch system technology development program in 2011 and, in December 2015, successfully returned a first stage back to a landing pad near the launch site and accomplished a propulsive vertical landing. This was the first such accomplishment by a rocket on an orbital trajectory. On April 8, 2016, with the launch of CRS-8, SpaceX successfully vertically landed a first stage on an ocean drone-ship landing platform on a mission that also delivered a Dragon space capsule to Low Earth Orbit. On May 6, 2016, SpaceX again landed a first stage, but on a geostationary transfer orbit mission, another first.

NASA awarded the company a Commercial Orbital Transportation Services (COTS) contract in 2006, to design and demonstrate a launch system to resupply cargo to the International Space Station (ISS). SpaceX, as of July 2016 has flown nine missions to the ISS under a cargo resupply contract. NASA also awarded SpaceX a contract in 2011 to develop and demonstrate a human-rated Dragon as part of its Commercial Crew Development (CCDev) program to transport crew to the ISS.

In September 2016, SpaceX's CEO Elon Musk unveiled substantial parts of the launch vehicle, spacecraft, and mission architecture of the Interplanetary Transport System program, an ambitious privately-funded initiative to develop spaceflight technology for use in interplanetary spaceflight, and if demand emerges, could lead to sustainable human settlements on Mars over the very long term.

SpaceX in the News - Starhopper Launch Just Days Away!!! (Episode 37)

In this episode of spacex in the news, we celebrate Starhopper's survival from its recent static fire as it preps for its first upcoming launch; we look at the progress ...

Elon Musk talks Crew Dragon, SpaceX Astronauts and Why SpaceX is better than Boeing

Elon Musk's SpaceX Crew Dragon capsule is a human rated craft that will take astronauts to the Moon and Mars. Elon talks about SpaceX Astronauts and Why ...

Crew Dragon Parachute Tests

SpaceX is returning human spaceflight capabilities to the United States with one of the safest, most advanced systems ever built.

Exclusive! Live! View SpaceX Prototype, Boca Chica Beach, Texas

July 21, 2019. STARSHIP HOPPER NEWS: Static test fire complete Untethered hover test will be conducted NET July 24-25, 2-11PM CDT Hwy 4 and Boca ...

Why is the pace of SpaceX's Starship development amazing?

Today we are talking about the recent developments and news regarding SpaceX's massive pace of innovation with the Starhopper and Starship prototypes.

SpaceX Starship Update: Starhopper Engine Test Get a Fireball Finish

SpaceX is busy preparing for its next giant leap: sending humans to Mars. To that end, the California-based aerospace company conducted a static-fire test of ...