WikiNow lets you discover the news you care about, follow the topics that matter to you and share your favourite stories with your friends.

© WikiNow

Russian ">[ˈruskʲɪj jɪˈzɨk]) is an East Slavic language and an official language in Russia, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan and many minor or unrecognised territories. It is an unofficial but widely spoken language in Ukraine and Latvia, and to a lesser extent, the other countries that were once constituent republics of the Soviet Union and former participants of the Eastern Bloc. Russian belongs to the family of Indo-European languages and is one of the four living members of the East Slavic languages. Written examples of Old East Slavonic are attested from the 10th century and beyond.

Russian
русский язык (russkij jazyk)
Pronunciation [ˈruskʲɪj jɪˈzɨk]
Native to Russia, other post-Soviet states
Native speakers
150 million (2010)
260 million (L1 plus L2 speakers) (2012)
Early forms
Cyrillic (Russian alphabet)
Russian Braille
Official status
Official language in
Recognised minority
language in
Regulated by Russian Language Institute at the Russian Academy of Sciences
Language codes
ISO 639-1 ru
ISO 639-2 rus
ISO 639-3 rus
Glottolog russ1263
Linguasphere 53-AAA-ea < 53-AAA-e
(varieties: 53-AAA-eaa to 53-AAA-eat)
Idioma ruso.PNG
Areas where Russian is the majority language (medium blue) or a minority language (light blue)
Russianlanguagemap.png
States where Russian is an official language (dark blue) or a de facto working language (teal)
This article contains IPA phonetic symbols. Without proper rendering support, you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of Unicode characters.

Russian (ру́сский язы́к, russkij jazyk, pronounced [ˈruskʲɪj jɪˈzɨk]) is an East Slavic language and an official language in Russia, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan and many minor or unrecognised territories. It is an unofficial but widely spoken language in Ukraine and Latvia, and to a lesser extent, the other countries that were once constituent republics of the Soviet Union and former participants of the Eastern Bloc. Russian belongs to the family of Indo-European languages and is one of the four living members of the East Slavic languages. Written examples of Old East Slavonic are attested from the 10th century and beyond.

It is the most geographically widespread language of Eurasia and the most widely spoken of the Slavic languages. It is also the largest native language in Europe, with 144 million native speakers in Russia, Ukraine and Belarus. Russian is the eighth most spoken language in the world by number of native speakers and the seventh by total number of speakers. The language is one of the six official languages of the United Nations.

Russian distinguishes between consonant phonemes with palatal secondary articulation and those without, the so-called soft and hard sounds. This distinction is found between pairs of almost all consonants and is one of the most distinguishing features of the language. Another important aspect is the reduction of unstressed vowels. Stress, which is unpredictable, is not normally indicated orthographically though an optional acute accent (знак ударения, znak udareniya) may be used to mark stress, such as to distinguish between homographic words, for example замо́к (zamok, meaning a lock) and за́мок (zamok, meaning a castle), or to indicate the proper pronunciation of uncommon words or names.

Russian lessons – Lesson 1 – Tips, goals and Russian alphabet | Russian language

Russian Language Course for beginners from a certified Russian teacher! Welcome and let's learn some Russian together:) Useful links: FULL lesson is here ...

50 COMMON PHRASES IN RUSSIAN: BASIC RUSSIAN

Watch this before you travel to Russia - not many people there speak English :) Learn Russian in Russia - https://goo.gl/dFChUL Stay in my apartment in ...

Learn Russian While You Sleep // 100 Basic Russian Words and Phrases \\ English/Russian

How to learn Russian? Learn Russian while you sleep. This video features 100 basic Russian words and phrases that teach grammar automatically. They are ...

The Russian Language

Today's episode is all about the Russian language. Special thanks to Deni Mintsaev for his audio recordings and suggestions for this video. Check out Deni's ...

Learn Russian While You Sleep 😀 Most Important Russian Phrases and Words 😀 English/Russian (8 Hours)

Do you want to learn Russian? Russian is one the most spoken languages in the world. It is a great language for English speakers to learn, and if you begin with ...

Trevor Noah - Some Languages Are Scary- arabic & russian

standup comedy.