WikiNow lets you discover the news you care about, follow the topics that matter to you and share your favourite stories with your friends.

© WikiNow

The Euphrates is the longest and one of the most historically important rivers of Western Asia. Together with the Tigris, it is one of the two defining rivers of Mesopotamia. Originating in eastern Turkey, the Euphrates flows through Syria and Iraq to join the Tigris in the Shatt al-Arab, which empties into the Persian Gulf.

Euphrates
Arabic: الفرات‎‎: al-Furāt, Turkish: Fırat, Kurdish: Firat, Syriac: ܦܪܬ‎: Prath, Hebrew: פרת‎‎ Perat, Armenian: Եփրատ: Yeprat
River
Zalabiya,Euphrat.jpg
The Euphrates near Halabiye (Syria); the site can be seen in the background on the left bank
Name origin: from Greek, from Old Persian Ufrātu, from Elamite ú-ip-ra-tu-iš
Countries Iraq, Syria, Turkey
Basin area Turkey, Syria, Iraq, Saudi Arabia, Kuwait
Tributaries
 - left Balikh, Khabur
 - right Sajur
Cities Birecik, Ar-Raqqah, Deir ez-Zor, Mayadin, Haditha, Ramadi, Habbaniyah, Fallujah, Kufa, Samawah, Nasiriyah
Landmarks Lake Assad, Lake Qadisiyah, Lake Habbaniyah
Source
 - location Murat Su, Turkey
 - elevation 3,520 m (11,549 ft)
Secondary source
 - location Kara Su, Turkey
 - elevation 3,290 m (10,794 ft)
Source confluence
 - location Keban, Turkey
 - elevation 610 m (2,001 ft)
Mouth Shatt al-Arab
 - location Al-Qurnah, Basra Governorate, Iraq
 - coordinates 31°0′18″N 47°26′31″E / 31.00500°N 47.44194°E / 31.00500; 47.44194Coordinates: 31°0′18″N 47°26′31″E / 31.00500°N 47.44194°E / 31.00500; 47.44194
Length 2,800 km (1,740 mi) approx.
Basin 500,000 km (193,051 sq mi) approx.
Discharge for Hīt
 - average 356 m/s (12,572 cu ft/s)
 - max 2,514 m/s (88,781 cu ft/s)
 - min 58 m/s (2,048 cu ft/s)
Map of the combined Tigris–Euphrates drainage basin (in yellow)
Wikimedia Commons: Euphrates

The Euphrates (/juːˈfrtz/; Sumerian: 𒌓𒄒𒉣: Buranuna, Akkadian: 𒌓𒄒𒉣: Purattu, Arabic: الفرات‎‎: al-Furāt, Syriac: ̇ܦܪܬ‎: Pǝrāt, Armenian: Եփրատ: Yeprat, Hebrew: פרת‎‎: Perat, Turkish: Fırat, Kurdish: Firat‎) is the longest and one of the most historically important rivers of Western Asia. Together with the Tigris, it is one of the two defining rivers of Mesopotamia. Originating in eastern Turkey, the Euphrates flows through Syria and Iraq to join the Tigris in the Shatt al-Arab, which empties into the Persian Gulf.