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Pulmonology is a medical speciality that deals with diseases involving the respiratory tract. The term is derived from the Latin word pulmō, pulmōnis and the Greek suffix -λογία, -logia . Pulmonology is synonymous with pneumology and -λογία), respirology and respiratory medicine.

Pulmonology
Respiratory system complete en.svg
Schematic view of the human respiratory system with their parts and functions.
System Respiratory
Significant diseases Asthma, Lung Cancer, Tuberculosis, Occupational lung disease
Significant tests Bronchoscopy, Sputum studies, Arterial blood gases
Specialist Respiratory Physician, Pulmonologist, Respiratory Physiotherapist

Pulmonology is a medical speciality that deals with diseases involving the respiratory tract. The term is derived from the Latin word pulmō, pulmōnis ("lung") and the Greek suffix -λογία, -logia ("study of"). Pulmonology is synonymous with pneumology (from Greek πνεύμων ("lung") and -λογία), respirology and respiratory medicine.

Pulmonology is known as chest medicine and respiratory medicine in some countries and areas. Pulmonology is considered a branch of internal medicine, and is related to intensive care medicine. Pulmonology often involves managing patients who need life support and mechanical ventilation. Pulmonologists are specially trained in diseases and conditions of the chest, particularly pneumonia, asthma, tuberculosis, emphysema, and complicated chest infections.