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The Advocatus Diaboli was formerly an official position within the Catholic Church: one who "argued against the canonization of a candidate in order to uncover any character flaws or misrepresentation of the evidence favoring canonization."

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The Advocatus Diaboli (Latin for Devil's Advocate) was formerly an official position within the Catholic Church: one who "argued against the canonization (sainthood) of a candidate in order to uncover any character flaws or misrepresentation of the evidence favoring canonization."

In common parlance, the term a devil's advocate describes someone who, given a certain point of view, takes a position he or she does not necessarily agree with (or simply an alternative position from the accepted norm), for the sake of debate or to explore the thought further.