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The President of the Russian Federation is the elected head of state, Supreme Commander-in-Chief and holder of the highest office within the Russian Federation. However, he is not the head of the executive branch. The Government of Russia is the highest organ of executive power. The current President of Russia is Vladimir Putin.

President of the Russian Federation
Президент Российской Федерации
Standard of the President of the Russian Federation.svg
Standard of the President of the Russian Federation
Vladimir Putin - 2006.jpg
Incumbent
Vladimir Putin

since 7 May 2012
Style Mr. President

Comrade Supreme Commander
Residence Kremlin Senate

Grand Kremlin Palace

Novo-Ogaryovo
Seat Moscow
Appointer Direct popular vote
Term length Six years
(one consecutive re-election)
Inaugural holder Boris Yeltsin
Formation

1991

  • 24 April 1991 (passage of presidency law)
  • 24 May 1991 (constitutional amendments)
  • 10 July 1991 (inauguration of the first President)
Modern status is defined by the Constitution of Russia, adopted on 12 December 1993
Succession Prime Minister of Russia
Salary 3.6 million rubles annually
Website (Russian) президент.рф
(English) eng.kremlin.ru
Coat of Arms of the Russian Federation.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Russia

The President of the Russian Federation (Russian: Президент Российской Федерации, Prezident Rossiiskoi Federatsii) is the elected head of state, Supreme Commander-in-Chief and holder of the highest office within the Russian Federation. However, he is not the head of the executive branch. The Government of Russia is the highest organ of executive power. The current President of Russia is Vladimir Putin.

In 1991, the office was briefly known as the President of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic (Russian: Президент Российской Советской Федеративной Социалистической Республики) until 25 December 1991. According to the 1978 Russian Constitution, the President of Russia was head of the executive branch and headed the Council of Ministers of Russia. According to the current 1993 Constitution of Russia, the President of Russia is not a part of the Government of Russia, which exercises executive power.

In all cases where the President of the Russian Federation is unable to fulfill his duties, they shall be temporarily delegated to the Prime Minister, who becomes Acting President of Russia. The Chairman of the Federation Council is the third important position after the President and the Prime Minister. In the case of incapacity of both the President and Prime Minister, the chairman of the upper house of parliament becomes acting head of state.

The power includes execution of federal law, alongside the responsibility of appointing federal ministers, diplomatic, regulatory and judicial officers, and concluding treaties with foreign powers with the advice and consent of the State Duma and the Federation Council. The president is further empowered to grant federal pardons and reprieves, and to convene and adjourn the Federal Assembly under extraordinary circumstances. The president also directs the foreign and domestic policy of the Russian Federation.

The president is elected directly through a popular vote to a six-year term. The law prohibits anyone from ever being elected to the presidency for a third consecutive term. In all, 3 individuals have served 4 presidencies spanning 6 full terms. On May 7, 2012, Vladimir Putin became the 4th and current president.

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