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Pranab Kumar Mukherjee ">[prənəb kʊmɑr mʉkhərdʒi]; born 11 December 1935) is the 13th and current President of India, in office since July 2012. In a political career spanning six decades, Mukherjee was a senior leader of the Indian National Congress and occupied several ministerial portfolios in the Government of India. Prior to his election as President, Mukherjee was Union Finance Minister from 2009 to 2012, and the Congress party's top troubleshooter.

"His Excellency"
"Honourable President"
"माननीय राष्ट्रपति महोदय"

श्री प्रणब मुखर्जी
প্রণব মুখোপাধ্যায়
Secretary Tim Geithner and Finance Minister Pranab Mukherjee 2010 crop.jpg
13th President of India
Assumed office
25 July 2012
Prime Minister Manmohan Singh
Narendra Modi
Vice President Mohammad Hamid Ansari
Preceded by Pratibha Patil
Minister of Finance
Preceded by P. Chidambaram
Succeeded by Arun Jaitley
In office
5 January 1982 – 31 December 1984
Preceded by R. Venkataraman
Succeeded by V. P. Singh
Minister of Defence
In office
22 May 2004 – 27 October 2006
Prime Minister Manmohan Singh
Preceded by George Fernandes
Succeeded by A. K. Antony
Minister of External Affairs
In office
24 October 2006 – 22 May 2009
Prime Minister Manmohan Singh
Preceded by Manmohan Singh
Succeeded by S. M. Krishna
In office
10 February 1995 – 16 May 1996
Prime Minister P. V. Narasimha Rao
Preceded by Dinesh Singh
Succeeded by Sikander Bakht
Deputy Chairman of the Planning Commission
In office
24 June 1991 – 15 May 1996
Prime Minister P. V. Narasimha Rao
Preceded by Mohan Dharia
Succeeded by Madhu Dandavate
Leader of the House (Lok Sabha)
In office
22 May 2004 – 26 June 2012
Prime Minister Manmohan Singh
Preceded by Atal Bihari Vajpayee
Succeeded by Sushil Kumar Shinde
Leader of the House (Rajya Sabha)
In office
January 1980 – 31 December 1984
Prime Minister Indira Gandhi
Preceded by K.C. Pant
Succeeded by V.P. Singh
Member of Lok Sabha
for Jangipur
In office
10 May 2004 – 26 June 2012
Prime Minister Manmohan Singh
Preceded by Abul Hasnat Khan
Succeeded by Abhijit Mukherjee
Member of Parliament (Rajya Sabha)
for West Bengal, Gujarat (5 Terms)
In office
24 July 1969 – 10 May 2004 (5 Terms)
Personal details
Born Pranab Kumar Mukherjee
প্রণব কুমার মুখোপাধ্যায়

(1935-12-11) December 11, 1935 (age 81)
Mirati, British Bengal, British India
Political party Independent
Other political
affiliations
Indian National Congress
Rashtriya Samajwadi Congress
Spouse(s) Suvra Mukherjee
Children Sharmistha
Abhijit
Indrajit
Residence Rashtrapati Bhavan
Alma mater University of Calcutta
Religion Hinduism
Website Official Website

Pranab Kumar Mukherjee (Bengali: প্রণব মুখোপাধ্যায়) ([prənəb kʊmɑr mʉkhərdʒi]; born 11 December 1935) is the 13th and current President of India, in office since July 2012. In a political career spanning six decades, Mukherjee was a senior leader of the Indian National Congress and occupied several ministerial portfolios in the Government of India. Prior to his election as President, Mukherjee was Union Finance Minister from 2009 to 2012, and the Congress party's top troubleshooter.

Mukherjee got his break in politics in 1969 when Prime Minister Indira Gandhi helped him get elected to the Rajya Sabha, the upper house of Parliament, on a Congress ticket. Following a meteoric rise, he became one of Indira Gandhi's most trusted lieutenants, and a minister in her cabinet by 1973. During the controversial Internal Emergency of 1975–77, he was accused (like several other Congress leaders) of committing gross excesses. Mukherjee's service in a number of ministerial capacities culminated in his first stint as finance minister in 1982–84. Mukherjee was also Leader of the House in the Rajya Sabha from 1980 to 1985.

Mukherjee was sidelined from the Congress during the premiership of Rajiv Gandhi, Indira's son. Mukherjee had viewed himself, and not the inexperienced Rajiv, as the rightful successor to Indira following her assassination in 1984. Mukherjee lost out in the ensuing power struggle. He formed his own party, the Rashtriya Samajwadi Congress, which merged with the Congress in 1989 after reaching a consensus with Rajiv Gandhi. Mukherjee's political career revived when Prime Minister P. V. Narasimha Rao appointed him Planning Commission head in 1991 and foreign minister in 1995. Following this, as elder statesman of the Congress, Mukherjee was the principal and architect of Sonia Gandhi's ascension to the party's presidency in 1998.

When the Congress-led United Progressive Alliance (UPA) came into power in 2004, Mukherjee won a Lok Sabha (the popularly elected lower house of Parliament) seat for the first time. From then until his resignation in 2012, Mukherjee was practically number-two in Prime Minister Manmohan Singh's government. He held a number of key cabinet portfolios—Defence (2004–06), External Affairs (2006–09) and Finance (2009–12)—apart from heading several Groups of Ministers (GoMs) and being Leader of the House in the Lok Sabha. After securing the UPA's nomination for the country's presidency in July 2012, Mukherjee comfortably defeated P. A. Sangma in the race to Rashtrapati Bhavan, winning 70 percent of the electoral-college vote.

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