Patañjali (Sanskrit: पतञ्जलि) is a proper Indian name. Several important Sanskrit works are ascribed to one or more authors of this name, and a great deal of scholarship has been devoted over the last century or so to the issue of disambiguation.
Amongst the more important authors called Patañjali are:
- The author of the Mahābhāṣya, an advanced treatise on Sanskrit grammar and linguistics framed as a commentary on Kātyāyana's vārttikas (short comments) on Pāṇini's Aṣṭādhyāyī. This Patañjali's life is the only one which can be securely dated (as one of the grammatical examples he uses makes reference to the siege of the town of Sāketā by the Greeks, an event known from other sources to have taken place around 120 BC).
- The compiler of the Yoga Sūtras, an important collection of aphorisms on Yoga practice, who, according to some historians, was a notable person of Samkhya, contemporaneous with Ishvarakrishna's Samkhya-karika around AD 400. He was native to Kashmir.
- Patanjali is one of the 18 siddhars in the Tamil siddha (Saiva) tradition.
- The author of an unspecified work of medicine (āyurveda).
- ^ Raghavan, V.; et al. (1968). New Catalogus Catalogorum. Madras: University of Madras. pp. vol. 11, pp. 89–90. lists ten separate authors by the name of "Patañjali."
- ^ Jonardon Ganeri, Artha: Meaning, Oxford University Press 2006, 1.2, p. 12
- ^ S. Radhakrishnan, and C.A. Moore, (1957). A Source Book in Indian Philosophy. Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University, ch. XIII, Yoga, p. 453
- ^ Gavin A. Flood, 1996.
- ^ The most up-to-date (September 2013) scholarship on the Yogasūtras and the first commentary (bhāṣya) is Maas, Philipp A (2006). Samādhipāda: das erste Kapitel des Pātañjalayogaśāstra zum ersten Mal kritisch ediert. Aachen: Shaker. ISBN 3832249877.
- ^ Dasgupta, Surendranath (1992). A History of Indian Philosophy, Volume 1, p.229 . Motilal Banarsidass Publications. ISBN 8120804120
- ^ Phillips, Stephen H.,(2013). Yoga, Karma, and Rebirth: A Brief History and Philosophy. Columbia University Press. ISBN 0231519478 
- ^ Meulenbeld, G. Jan (1999–2002). History of Indian Medical Literature. Groningen: Forsten. pp. vol. IA, pp. 141–44.