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Ohio /ˈh./ is an Eastern state in the Great Lakes region of the United States. Ohio is the 34th largest by area, the 7th most populous, and the 10th most densely populated of the 50 United States. The state's capital and largest city is Columbus.

State of Ohio
Flag of Ohio State seal of Ohio
Flag Seal
Nickname(s): The Buckeye State; The Mother of Presidents;
Birthplace of Aviation; The Heart of It All
Motto(s): With God, all things are possible
Map of the United States with Ohio highlighted
Official language De jure: None
De facto: English
Spoken languages English 93.3%
Spanish 2.2%
Other 4.5%
Demonym Ohioan; Buckeye (colloq.)
Capital
(and largest city)
Columbus
Largest metro Cleveland
Cincinnati
(see footnote)
Area Ranked 34th
 • Total 44,825 sq mi
(116,096 km)
 • Width 220 miles (355 km)
 • Length 220 miles (355 km)
 • % water 8.7
 • Latitude 38° 24′ N to 41° 59′ N
 • Longitude 80° 31′ W to 84° 49′ W
Population Ranked 7th
 • Total 11,613,423 (2015 est)
 • Density 282/sq mi  (109/km)
Ranked 10th
 • Median household income $53,301 (32nd)
Elevation
 • Highest point Campbell Hill
1,549 ft (472 m)
 • Mean 850 ft  (260 m)
 • Lowest point Ohio River at Indiana border
455 ft (139 m)
Admission to Union March 1, 1803 (17th,
declared retroactively on
August 7, 1953)
Governor John Kasich (R)
Lieutenant Governor Mary Taylor (R)
Legislature General Assembly
 • Upper house Senate
 • Lower house House of Representatives
U.S. Senators Sherrod Brown (D)
Rob Portman (R)
U.S. House delegation 12 Republicans, 4 Democrats (list)
Time zone Eastern: UTC -5/-4
ISO 3166 US-OH
Abbreviations OH[17]
Website www.ohio.gov
Ohio state symbols
Flag of Ohio.svg
Seal of Ohio.svg
Living insignia
Amphibian Spotted salamander
Bird Cardinal (1933)
Flower Red carnation (1904)
Insect Ladybug (1975)
Mammal White-tailed deer (1987)
Reptile Black racer snake (1995)
Tree Buckeye (1953)
Inanimate insignia
Beverage Tomato juice (1965)
Fossil Isotelus maximus, a trilobite (1985)
Gemstone Ohio flint (1965)
Motto "With God all things are possible." (1959)
Slogan So Much to Discover
Song "Beautiful Ohio" (1969)
"Hang On Sloopy" (1985)
Other Wild flower: Great white trillium (1986)
Fruit: Pawpaw
State route marker
Ohio state route marker
State quarter
Ohio quarter dollar coin
Released in 2002
Lists of United States state symbols

Ohio /ˈh./ is an Eastern state in the Great Lakes region of the United States. Ohio is the 34th largest by area, the 7th most populous, and the 10th most densely populated of the 50 United States. The state's capital and largest city is Columbus.

The state takes its name from the Ohio River. The name originated from the Iroquois word ohi-yo’, meaning "great river" or "large creek". Partitioned from the Northwest Territory, the state was admitted to the Union as the 17th state (and the first under the Northwest Ordinance) on March 1, 1803. Ohio is historically known as the "Buckeye State" after its Ohio buckeye trees, and Ohioans are also known as "Buckeyes".

The government of Ohio is composed of the executive branch, led by the Governor; the legislative branch, which comprises the Ohio General Assembly; and the judicial branch, which is led by the state Supreme Court. Ohio occupies 16 seats in the United States House of Representatives. Ohio is known for its status as both a swing state and a bellwether in national elections. Six Presidents of the United States have been elected who had Ohio as their home state.

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