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The Northwest Territories is a territory of Canada. At a land area of approximately 1,144,000 km2 and a 2011 population of 41,462, it is the second largest and most populous of the three territories in Northern Canada. Its estimated population as of 2016 is 44,291. Yellowknife became the territorial capital in 1967, following recommendations by the Carrothers Commission.


Flag of Northwest Territories
Coat of arms of Northwest Territories
Motto: (No official motto)
NT
Canadian Provinces and Territories
Confederation July 15, 1870 (Hudson's Bay Company cedes territory to Canada) (6th)
Capital Yellowknife
Largest city Yellowknife
Largest metro Yellowknife
Government
 • Commissioner George Tuccaro
 • Premier Bob McLeod (consensus government)
Legislature Legislative Assembly of the Northwest Territories
Federal representation (in Canadian Parliament)
House seats 1 of 338 (0.3%)
Senate seats 1 of 105 (1%)
Area
 • Total 1,346,106 km (519,734 sq mi)
 • Land 1,183,085 km (456,792 sq mi)
 • Water 163,021 km (62,943 sq mi)  12.1%
Area rank Ranked 3rd
 
Population (2011)
 • Total 41,462
 • Estimate (2016 Q1) 44,291
 • Rank Ranked 11th
 • Density 0/km (0/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Northwest Territorian
Official languages
GDP
 • Rank 11th
 • Total (2011) C$4.791 billion
 • Per capita C$108,394 (1st)
Time zone UTC-7
Postal abbr. NT
Postal code prefix X0, X1 (Yellowknife)
ISO 3166 code CA-NT
Flower Mountain avens
Tree Tamarack Larch
Bird Gyrfalcon
Website www.gov.nt.ca
Rankings include all provinces and territories

The Northwest Territories (also known as NWT; French: les Territoires du Nord-Ouest, TNO; Athabaskan languages: Denendeh; Inuinnaqtun: Nunatsiaq; Inuktitut: ᓄᓇᑦᓯᐊᖅ) is a territory of Canada. At a land area of approximately 1,144,000 km (442,000 sq mi) and a 2011 population of 41,462, it is the second largest and most populous of the three territories in Northern Canada. Its estimated population as of 2016 is 44,291. Yellowknife became the territorial capital in 1967, following recommendations by the Carrothers Commission.

The Northwest Territories, a portion of the old North-West Territory, entered the Canadian Confederation on July 15, 1870, but the current borders were formed on April 1, 1999, when the territory was subdivided to create Nunavut to the east, via the Nunavut Act and the Nunavut Land Claims Agreement Act. While Nunavut is mostly Arctic tundra, the Northwest Territories has a slightly warmer climate and is both boreal forest (taiga), and tundra, and its most northern regions form part of the Canadian Arctic Archipelago.

The Northwest Territories are bordered by Canada's two other territories, Nunavut to the east and Yukon to the west, and by the provinces of British Columbia, Alberta, and Saskatchewan to the south.