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The National Crime Agency is a national law enforcement and police agency in the United Kingdom. It was established in 2013 as a non-ministerial government department, replacing the Serious Organised Crime Agency and absorbing the formerly separate CEOP as one of its commands. It also assumed a number of responsibilities of other law enforcement agencies.

Abbreviation NCA
NationalCrimeAgency.svg
Logo
Agency overview
Formed 7 October 2013
Preceding agencies
Annual budget £448 million (2015/2016)
Legal personality Governmental: Government agency
Jurisdictional structure
National agency
(Operations jurisdiction)
United Kingdom
Map of the National Crime Agency's jurisdiction.svg
Jurisdiction of the National Crime Agency
Population 63,182,178
Legal jurisdiction Full in England and Wales and Northern Ireland; limited in Scotland
General nature
Operational structure
Headquarters 1 – 6 Citadel Place, Tinworth Street, London SE11 5EF
Sworn Officers 1,791
Overall workforces 4194
Elected officer responsible Amber Rudd, Home Secretary
Agency executive Lynne Owens, Director-General
Parent agency Home Office
Child agencies
Website
www.nationalcrimeagency.gov.uk
National Crime Agency, London.

The National Crime Agency (NCA) is a national law enforcement and police agency in the United Kingdom. It was established in 2013 as a non-ministerial government department, replacing the Serious Organised Crime Agency and absorbing the formerly separate CEOP as one of its commands. It also assumed a number of responsibilities of other law enforcement agencies.

It is the UK's lead agency against organised crime; human, weapon and drug trafficking; cyber crime; and economic crime that goes across regional and international borders, but can be tasked to investigate any crime. The NCA has a strategic role in which it looks at the bigger picture across the UK, analysing how criminals are operating and how they can be disrupted. To do this it works closely with regional organised crime units (ROCUs), the Serious Fraud Office, as well as individual police forces. It is the UK point of contact for foreign agencies such as Interpol, Europol and other international law enforcement agencies. The NCA Director-General, Lynne Owens, has the power to direct regional police chiefs to concentrate their resources where necessary, making her one of the most senior law enforcement leader in the country.

The NCA has also taken on a range of functions from the National Policing Improvement Agency that has been scrapped as part of the government's changes to policing. These include a specialist database relating to injuries and unusual weapons, expert research on potential serial killers, and the National Missing Persons Bureau. The agencies going into the NCA had a combined budget of £812m, yet the new agency only had £464m in its first year, so the new agency had already had 43% cut before it had started operating. Some of the responsibilities of the former UK Border Agency (now Border Force) relating to border policing also became part of the NCA. Like its predecessor SOCA, the NCA has been dubbed the "British FBI" by the media.

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