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Michael Joseph Jackson was an American singer, songwriter, record producer, dancer, actor, and philanthropist. Called the "King of Pop", his contributions to music, dance, and fashion along with his publicized personal life made him a global figure in popular culture for over four decades.

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Michael Jackson in 1988.jpg
Born 29 August 1958
Gary
Died 25 June 2009
Los Angeles
Resting place Forest Lawn Memorial Park
Residence Neverland Ranch valley
Citizenship United States
Occupation singer[*], dancer[*], singer-songwriter, actor, businessperson, philanthropist[*], film director, screenwriter, poet, composer, musician, songwriter, autobiographer[*], writer, record producer, choreographer[*], film actor[*]
Spouse(s) Lisa Marie Presley, Debbie Rowe
Children Prince Michael Jackson I, Paris Katherine Jackson, Prince Michael Jackson II
Parent(s) Joe Jackson
Awards Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award, Grammy Legend Award, International Artist Award of Excellence[*], Genesis Award
Website #
Signature
Michael Jackson signature.svg
Michael Jackson in 1988.jpg
Jackson performing in Vienna, Austria in June 1988
Born Michael Joseph Jackson
(1958-08-29)August 29, 1958
Gary, Indiana, U.S.
Died June 25, 2009(2009-06-25) (aged 50)
Los Angeles, California, U.S.
Cause of death Substance intoxication
Resting place Glendale, California, U.S.
Occupation
  • Singer
  • songwriter
  • dancer
  • actor
  • record producer
  • businessman
  • philanthropist
Net worth US $236 Million (2007 estimate)
Spouse(s) Lisa Marie Presley
(m. 1994; div. 1996)

Debbie Rowe
(m. 1996; div. 1999)
Children 3
Parent(s)
Relatives See Jackson family
Website michaeljackson.com
Musical career
Genres
Instruments Vocals
Years active 1964–2009
Labels
Associated acts The Jackson 5
Signature
Michael Jackson's signature

Michael Joseph Jackson (August 29, 1958 – June 25, 2009) was an American singer, songwriter, record producer, dancer, actor, and philanthropist. Called the "King of Pop", his contributions to music, dance, and fashion along with his publicized personal life made him a global figure in popular culture for over four decades.

The eighth child of the Jackson family, Michael made his professional debut in 1964 with his elder brothers Jackie, Tito, Jermaine, and Marlon as a member of the Jackson 5. He began his solo career in 1971. In the early 1980s, Jackson became a dominant figure in popular music. His music videos, including those of "Beat It", "Billie Jean", and "Thriller" from his 1982 album Thriller, are credited with breaking racial barriers and transforming the medium into an art form and promotional tool. The popularity of these videos helped bring the television channel MTV to fame. Jackson's 1987 album Bad spawned the U.S. Billboard Hot 100 number-one singles "I Just Can't Stop Loving You", "Bad", "The Way You Make Me Feel", "Man in the Mirror", and "Dirty Diana", becoming the first album to have five number-one singles on the Billboard Hot 100. He continued to innovate with videos such as "Black or White" and "Scream" throughout the 1990s, and forged a reputation as a touring solo artist. Through stage and video performances, Jackson popularized a number of complicated dance techniques, such as the robot and the moonwalk, to which he gave the name. His distinctive sound and style has influenced numerous artists of various music genres.

Thriller is the best-selling album of all time, with estimated sales of 65 million copies worldwide. Jackson's other albums, including Off the Wall (1979), Bad (1987), Dangerous (1991), and HIStory (1995), also rank among the world's best-selling albums. He is recognized as the Most Successful Entertainer of All Time by Guinness World Records. Jackson is one of the few artists to have been inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame twice, and was also inducted into the Songwriters Hall of Fame and the Dance Hall of Fame as the only dancer from pop and rock music. His other achievements include multiple Guinness World Records, 13 Grammy Awards, the Grammy Legend Award, the Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award, 26 American Music Awards—more than any other artist—including the "Artist of the Century" and "Artist of the 1980s", 13 number-one singles in the United States during his solo career—more than any other male artist in the Hot 100 era—and estimated sales of over 350 million records worldwide. Jackson has won hundreds of awards, making him the most awarded recording artist in the history of popular music. He became the first artist in history to have a top ten single in the Billboard Hot 100 in five different decades when "Love Never Felt So Good" reached number nine on May 21, 2014. Jackson traveled the world attending events honoring his humanitarianism, and, in 2000, the Guinness World Records recognized him for supporting 39 charities, more than any other entertainer.

Aspects of Jackson's personal life, including his changing appearance, personal relationships, and behavior, generated controversy. In 1993, he was accused of child sexual abuse, but the civil case was settled out of court for an undisclosed amount and no formal charges were brought. In 2005, he was tried and acquitted of further child sexual abuse allegations and several other charges after the jury found him not guilty on all counts. While preparing for his comeback concert series, This Is It, Jackson died of acute propofol and benzodiazepine intoxication on June 25, 2009, after suffering from cardiac arrest. The Los Angeles County Coroner ruled his death a homicide, and his personal physician, Conrad Murray, was convicted of involuntary manslaughter. Jackson's death triggered a global outpouring of grief, and a live broadcast of his public memorial service was viewed around the world. Forbes ranks Jackson as the top-earning dead celebrity, with yearly earnings of $825 million in 2016, the highest ever recorded by the publication.

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