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Manmohan Singh ">[mənˈmoːɦən ˈsɪ́ŋɡ]; born 26 September 1932) is an Indian economist and politician who served as the Prime Minister of India from 2004 to 2014. The first Sikh in office, Singh was also the first prime minister since Jawaharlal Nehru to be re-elected after completing a full five-year term.

ਮਨਮੋਹਨ ਸਿੰਘ
Manmohan Singh
Manmohan Singh
13th Prime Minister of India
In office
22 May 2004 – 26 May 2014
President A. P. J. Abdul Kalam
Pratibha Patil
Pranab Mukherjee
Preceded by Atal Bihari Vajpayee
Succeeded by Narendra Modi
Minister of Finance
In office
21 June 1991 – 16 May 1996
Prime Minister P. V. Narasimha Rao
Preceded by Yashwant Sinha
Succeeded by Jaswant Singh
Leader of the Opposition in the Rajya Sabha
In office
21 March 1998 – 21 May 2004
Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee
Preceded by Sikander Bakht
Succeeded by Jaswant Singh
Deputy Chairman of the Planning Commission
In office
15 January 1985 – 31 August 1987
Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi
Preceded by P. V. Narasimha Rao
Succeeded by P. Shiv Shankar
Governor of the Reserve Bank of India
In office
15 September 1982 – 15 January 1985
Preceded by I. G. Patel
Succeeded by Amitav Ghosh
Member of Parliament (Rajya Sabha)
Assumed office
1991
Constituency Assam
Personal details
Born (1932-09-26) 26 September 1932 (age 84)
Gah, Punjab, British India ()
Political party Indian National Congress
Spouse(s) Gursharan Kaur (m. 1958)
Children Upinder, Daman, Amrit
Alma mater Panjab University, Chandigarh
St John's College, Cambridge
Nuffield College, Oxford
Profession Economist, bureaucrat
Religion Sikhism
Signature Manmohan Singh

Manmohan Singh ([mənˈmoːɦən ˈsɪ́ŋɡ]; born 26 September 1932) is an Indian economist and politician who served as the Prime Minister of India from 2004 to 2014. The first Sikh in office, Singh was also the first prime minister since Jawaharlal Nehru to be re-elected after completing a full five-year term.

Born in Gah (now in Punjab, Pakistan), Singh's family migrated to India during its partition in 1947. After obtaining his doctorate in economics from Oxford, Singh worked for the United Nations during 1966–69. He subsequently began his bureaucratic career when Lalit Narayan Mishra hired him as an advisor in the Ministry of Foreign Trade. Over the 70s and 80s, Singh held several key posts in the Government of India, such as Chief Economic Advisor (1972–76), Reserve Bank governor (1982–85) and Planning Commission head (1985–87).

In 1991, as India faced a severe economic crisis, newly elected Prime Minister P. V. Narasimha Rao surprisingly inducted the apolitical Singh into his cabinet as Finance Minister. Over the next few years, despite strong opposition, he as a Finance Minister carried out several structural reforms that liberalised India's economy. Although these measures proved successful in averting the crisis, and enhanced Singh's reputation globally as a leading reform-minded economist, the incumbent Congress party fared poorly in the 1996 general election. Subsequently, Singh served as Leader of the Opposition in the Rajya Sabha (the upper house of India's Parliament) during the Atal Bihari Vajpayee government of 1998–2004.

In 2004, when the Congress-led United Progressive Alliance (UPA) came to power, its chairperson Sonia Gandhi unexpectedly relinquished the premiership to Manmohan Singh. Singh's first ministry executed several key legislations and projects, including the Rural Health Mission, Unique Identification Authority, Rural Employment Guarantee scheme and Right to Information Act. In 2008, opposition to a historic civil nuclear agreement with the United States nearly caused Singh's government to fall after Left Front parties withdrew their support. Although India's economy grew rapidly under UPA I, its security was threatened by several terrorist incidents (including the 2008 Mumbai attacks) and the continuing Maoist insurgency.

The 2009 general election saw the UPA return with an increased mandate, with Singh retaining the office of Prime Minister. Over the next few years, Singh's second ministry government faced a number of corruption charges—over the organisation of the Commonwealth Games, the 2G-spectrum allocation and the allocation of coal blocks. After his term ended in 2014 he opted out from the race to the office of the Prime Minister of India during 2014 Indian general election. Singh was never a member of the Lok Sabha but continues to serve as a member of the Indian Parliament, representing the state of Assam in the Rajya Sabha for the fifth consecutive term since 1991.

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India's fourteenth Prime Minister, Dr. Manmohan Singh is rightly acclaimed as a thinker and a scholar. He is well regarded for his diligence and his academic ...

Dr. Manmohan Singh’s comments on Demonetisation

Rajya Sabha Winter Session – 241| November 24 2016.

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The President and Prime Minister Manmohan Singh of India speak during an arrival ceremony to welcome the Prime Minister to the White House for an official ...

Former PM Manmohan Singh's Speech | Vice President's book launch event

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Demonetisation, GST hurt employment opportunities: Manmohan Singh

Addressing the students of New Delhi Institute Of Management (NDIM) on the occasion of their 21st annual convocation, former prime minister Manmohan Singh ...

Dr. Manmohan Singh's Speech | Rajya Sabha Chairman Md. Hamid Ansari's Farewell

Rajya Sabha Monsoon Session – 243.