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The M60, officially the United States Machine Gun, Caliber 7.62 mm, M60, is a family of American general-purpose machine guns firing 7.62×51mm NATO cartridges from a disintegrating belt of M13 links. There are several types of ammunition approved for use in the M60, including ball, tracer, and armor-piercing rounds.

M60GPMG.jpeg
M60 machine gun
Type General-purpose machine gun
Place of origin United States
Service history
In service 1957–present
Used by See Users
Wars Vietnam War
Laotian Civil War
Cambodian Civil War
Cambodian–Vietnamese War
Salvadoran Civil War
The Troubles
Operation Just Cause
Gulf War
War in Afghanistan
Iraq War
Cambodian–Thai border stand-off
Colombian armed conflict
Insurgency in the Philippines
Bougainville Civil War
2013 Lahad Datu standoff
various others
Production history
Designed 1952–57
Manufacturer Saco Defense
U.S. Ordnance
Unit cost $6,000
Produced 1957–present
Variants See Variants
Specifications
Weight 10.5 kg (23.15 lb)
Length 1,105 mm (43.5 in)
Barrel length 560 mm (22.0 in)

Cartridge 7.62×51mm NATO
Caliber 7.62 mm (0.308 in)
Action Gas-operated, short stroke gas piston, open bolt
Rate of fire 500–650 rounds/min (rpm)
Muzzle velocity 2,800 ft/s (853 m/s)
Effective firing range 1,200 yd (1,100 m)
Feed system Disintegrating belt with M13 Links
Sights Iron sights

The M60, officially the United States Machine Gun, Caliber 7.62 mm, M60, is a family of American general-purpose machine guns firing 7.62×51mm NATO cartridges from a disintegrating belt of M13 links. There are several types of ammunition approved for use in the M60, including ball, tracer, and armor-piercing rounds.

Introduced in 1957, it has served with every branch of the U.S. military and still serves with other armed forces. Its manufacture and continued upgrade for military and commercial purchase continues into the 21st century, although it has been replaced or supplemented in most roles by other designs, most notably the M240 in U.S. service.

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