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Los Angeles , officially the City of Los Angeles and often known by its initials L.A., is the second-most populous city in the United States , the most populous city in California and the county seat of Los Angeles County. Situated in Southern California, Los Angeles is known for its mediterranean climate, ethnic diversity, sprawling metropolis, and as a major center of the American entertainment industry. Los Angeles lies in a large coastal basin surrounded on three sides by mountains reaching up to and over 10,000 feet .

Metropolitan City
City of Los Angeles
Los Angeles skyline
Hollywood Sign Echo Park Lake
Los Angeles City Hall Theme Building at Los Angeles International Airport
Vincent Thomas Bridge Venice Beach
Flag of Los Angeles
Official seal of Los Angeles
Nickname(s): "L.A.", "City of Angels", "Angeltown", "The Entertainment Capital of the World", "The Big Orange" "La-la-land", "Tinseltown"
Location in Los Angeles County in the state of California
Los Angeles is located in California
Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Los Angeles is located in the US
Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Coordinates: 34°03′N 118°15′W / 34.050°N 118.250°W / 34.050; -118.250Coordinates: 34°03′N 118°15′W / 34.050°N 118.250°W / 34.050; -118.250
Country  United States
State  California
County

Los Angeles


CSA Los Angeles-Long Beach
MSA Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim
Pueblo September 4, 1781
Incorporated April 4, 1850
Named for Our Lady, Queen of the Angels
Government
 • Type Mayor-Council-Commission
 • Body Los Angeles City Council
 • Mayor Eric Garcetti
 • City Attorney Mike Feuer
 • City Controller Ron Galperin
Area
 • Metropolitan City 503 sq mi (1,302 km)
 • Land 469 sq mi (1,214 km)
 • Water 34 sq mi (88 km)  6.7%
Elevation 305 ft (93 m)
Highest elevation 5,074 ft (1,547 m)
Lowest elevation 0 ft (0 m)
Population (January 1, 2016)
 • Metropolitan City 4,030,904
 • Rank 1st, California
2nd, U.S.
 • Density 8,282/sq mi (3,198/km)
 • Urban 12,150,996
 • Metro 13,131,431
 • CSA 18,679,763 (US: 2nd)
Demonym(s) Angeleno
Time zone Pacific (UTC−8)
 • Summer (DST) PDT (UTC−7)
ZIP codes 90001–90068, 90070–90084, 90086–90089, 90091, 90093–90097, 90099, 90101–90103, 90174, 90185, 90189, 90291–90293, 91040–91043, 91303–91308, 91342–91349, 91352–91353, 91356–91357, 91364–91367, 91401–91499, 91601–91609
Area codes 213, 310/424, 562, 323, 661, 747/818
FIPS code 06-44000
GNIS feature IDs 1662328, 2410877
Website Official website

Los Angeles (/lɒs ˈænəls/, Spanish for "The Angels"), officially the City of Los Angeles and often known by its initials L.A., is the second-most populous city in the United States (after New York City), the most populous city in California and the county seat of Los Angeles County. Situated in Southern California, Los Angeles is known for its mediterranean climate, ethnic diversity, sprawling metropolis, and as a major center of the American entertainment industry. Los Angeles lies in a large coastal basin surrounded on three sides by mountains reaching up to and over 10,000 feet (3,000 m).

Historically home to the Chumash and Tongva, Los Angeles was claimed by Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo for Spain in 1542 along with the rest of what would become Alta California. The city was officially founded on September 4, 1781, by Spanish governor Felipe de Neve. It became a part of Mexico in 1821 following the Mexican War of Independence. In 1848, at the end of the Mexican–American War, Los Angeles and the rest of California were purchased as part of the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, thereby becoming part of the United States. Los Angeles was incorporated as a municipality on April 4, 1850, five months before California achieved statehood. The city experienced rapid growth with the discovery of oil.

The city is the focal point of the larger Los Angeles metropolitan area and the Greater Los Angeles Area region, which contain 13 million and over 18 million people, respectively, as of 2010, making it one of the most populous metropolitan areas in the world as well as the second-largest in the United States and the densest urban area in the United States. Los Angeles is the seat of Los Angeles County, the most populated county in the United States. The city's inhabitants are referred to as Angelenos.

Nicknamed the "City of Angels", Los Angeles is a global city with a diverse economy in entertainment, culture, media, fashion, science, sports, technology, education, medicine and research. It has been ranked 6th in the Global Cities Index and 9th in the Global Economic Power Index. The city is home to renowned institutions covering a broad range of professional and cultural fields, and is one of the most substantial economic engines within the United States. The Los Angeles combined statistical area (CSA) has a gross metropolitan product (GMP) of $831 billion (as of 2008), making it the third-largest in the world, after the Greater Tokyo and New York metropolitan areas.

Los Angeles includes Hollywood and leads the world in the creation of television productions and recorded music; it is also one of the leaders in motion picture production.

L.A. hosted the Summer Olympic Games in 1932 and 1984 and is bidding to host the 2024 Summer Olympics and thus become the second city to have hosted the Games three times (after London). The Los Angeles area also hosted the 1994 FIFA men's soccer World Cup final match as well as the 1999 FIFA women's soccer World Cup final match; both games were held at the Rose Bowl in the nearby town of Pasadena. The men's event was watched on television by over 700 million people worldwide.