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John Winston Howard, OM, AC , was the 25th Prime Minister of Australia, serving from 11 March 1996 to 3 December 2007. Only Sir Robert Menzies has served in the position longer.

The Honourable

OM, AC
Image-Howard2003upr.JPG
25th Prime Minister of Australia
In office
11 March 1996 – 3 December 2007
Monarch Elizabeth II
Governor-General Sir William Deane
Peter Hollingworth
Michael Jeffery
Deputy Tim Fischer
John Anderson
Mark Vaile
Preceded by Paul Keating
Succeeded by Kevin Rudd
Leader of the Opposition
In office
30 January 1995 – 11 March 1996
Deputy Peter Costello
Preceded by Alexander Downer
Succeeded by Kim Beazley
In office
5 September 1985 – 9 May 1989
Deputy Neil Brown
Andrew Peacock
Preceded by Andrew Peacock
Succeeded by Andrew Peacock
Leader of the Liberal Party
In office
30 January 1995 – 29 November 2007
Deputy Peter Costello
Preceded by Alexander Downer
Succeeded by Brendan Nelson
In office
5 September 1985 – 9 May 1989
Deputy Neil Brown
Andrew Peacock
Preceded by Andrew Peacock
Succeeded by Andrew Peacock
Deputy Leader of the Liberal Party
In office
8 April 1982 – 5 September 1985
Leader Malcolm Fraser
Andrew Peacock
Preceded by Phillip Lynch
Succeeded by Neil Brown
Chairperson-in-office of the Commonwealth of Nations
In office
2 March 2002 – 5 December 2003
Head Elizabeth II
Preceded by Thabo Mbeki
Succeeded by Olusegun Obasanjo
Manager of Opposition Business in the House
In office
7 April 1993 – 31 January 1995
Leader John Hewson
Preceded by Warwick Smith
Succeeded by Peter Reith
Treasurer of Australia
In office
19 November 1977 – 11 March 1983
Prime Minister Malcolm Fraser
Preceded by Phillip Lynch
Succeeded by Paul Keating
Minister for Special Trade Negotiations
In office
17 July 1977 – 20 December 1977
Prime Minister Malcolm Fraser
Preceded by Position established
Succeeded by Victor Garland
Minister for Business and Consumer Affairs
In office
22 December 1975 – 17 July 1977
Prime Minister Malcolm Fraser
Preceded by Sir Bob Cotton
Succeeded by Wal Fife
Member of the Australian Parliament
for Bennelong
In office
18 May 1974 – 24 November 2007
Preceded by John Cramer
Succeeded by Maxine McKew
Personal details
Born John Winston Howard
(1939-07-26) 26 July 1939 (age 77)
Earlwood, New South Wales, Australia
Political party Liberal Party of Australia
Other political
affiliations
Coalition
Spouse(s) Janette Parker
Children 3
Education Canterbury Boys' High School
Alma mater University of Sydney
Profession Solicitor
Religion Anglicanism
Signature

John Winston Howard, OM, AC (born 26 July 1939), was the 25th Prime Minister of Australia, serving from 11 March 1996 to 3 December 2007. Only Sir Robert Menzies has served in the position longer.

Born in Sydney, Howard was a solicitor at Clayton Utz before entering politics, having studied law at the University of Sydney. A member of the Liberal Party and former president of the Young Liberals, he first stood for office at the 1968 New South Wales state election, but lost narrowly. At the 1974 federal election, Howard was elected to the Division of Bennelong, which he would go on to represent until 2007. He was promoted to cabinet in 1977, and later in the year replaced Phillip Lynch as Treasurer of Australia, remaining in that position until the defeat of Malcolm Fraser's government in 1983.

In 1985, Howard was elected leader of the Liberal Party for the first time, thus replacing Andrew Peacock as Leader of the Opposition. He led the Liberal–National coalition to the 1987 federal election, but lost to Bob Hawke's Labor government, and was removed from the leadership in 1989. Remaining a key figure in the party, Howard was re-elected leader in 1995 (replacing Alexander Downer), and subsequently led the Coalition to victory at the 1996 federal election.

After defeating Paul Keating's Labor government in 1996, the Howard Government was re-elected at the 1998, 2001 and 2004 elections. Howard's actions as prime minister included new gun laws (in response to the Port Arthur massacre), the introduction of a nationwide value-added tax, immigration reform, and industrial relations reform. Australia also contributed troops to the War in Afghanistan and the Iraq War under his government, and led the International Force for East Timor. The Howard government was defeated at the 2007 federal election, with the Labor Party's Kevin Rudd succeeding him as prime minister. Howard also lost his own seat at the election, becoming only the second prime minister to do so (after Stanley Bruce in 1929).

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