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Jharkhand is a state in eastern India carved out of the southern part of Bihar on 15 November 2000. The state shares its border with the states of Bihar to the north, Uttar Pradesh to the north-west, Chhattisgarh to the west, Odisha to the south, and West Bengal to the east. It has an area of 79,710 km2 . The city of Ranchi is its capital while the industrial city of Jamshedpur is the most populous city of the state.


झारखंड
State
Seal of Bihar & Jharkhand
Location of Jharkhand
Map of Jharkhand
Coordinates (Jamshedpur): 23°21′N 85°20′E / 23.35°N 85.33°E / 23.35; 85.33Coordinates: 23°21′N 85°20′E / 23.35°N 85.33°E / 23.35; 85.33
Country India
Formation 15 November 2000
Capital Ranchi
Largest city Jamshedpur
Districts 24
Government
 • Governor Draupadi Murmu
 • Chief Minister Raghubar Das (BJP)
 • Legislature Unicameral (81 seats)
 • Parliamentary constituency 14
 • High Court Jharkhand High Court
Area
 • Total 79,714 km (30,778 sq mi)
Area rank 16th
Population (2011)
 • Total 32,988,134
 • Rank 14th
 • Density 414/km (1,070/sq mi)
Time zone IST (UTC+05:30)
ISO 3166 code IN-JH
HDI Increase 0.376 (medium)
HDI rank 19th (2007–08)
Literacy 67.6% (25th)
Official language Hindi
"Additional official language" Urdu
Second languages Bengali, Oriya, Santhali, Ho, Kurukh, Mundari, Kharia, Nagpuri, Panchpargania, Maithili, Khortha and Kurmali.
Website #
Formed by the Constitutional Amendment Act, 2000 by dividing Bihar on 15 November 2000

Jharkhand ( "Bushland") is a state in eastern India carved out of the southern part of Bihar on 15 November 2000. The state shares its border with the states of Bihar to the north, Uttar Pradesh to the north-west, Chhattisgarh to the west, Odisha to the south, and West Bengal to the east. It has an area of 79,710 km (30,778 sq mi). The city of Ranchi is its capital while the industrial city of Jamshedpur is the most populous city of the state.

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