WikiNow lets you discover the news you care about, follow the topics that matter to you and share your favourite stories with your friends.

© WikiNow

Jack French Kemp was an American politician and a professional gridiron football player. A Republican, he served as Housing Secretary in the administration of President George H. W. Bush from 1989 to 1993, having previously served nine terms as a congressman for Western New York's 31st congressional district from 1971 to 1989. He was the Republican Party's nominee for Vice President in the 1996 election, where he was the running mate of presidential nominee Bob Dole. Kemp had previously contended for the presidential nomination in the 1988 Republican primaries.

Jack Kemp official portrait.jpg
9th United States Secretary of Housing and Urban Development
In office
February 13, 1989 – January 20, 1993
President George H. W. Bush
Preceded by Samuel Pierce
Succeeded by Henry Cisneros
Chair of the House Republican Conference
In office
January 3, 1981 – January 3, 1987
Leader Bob Michel
Preceded by Samuel Devine
Succeeded by Dick Cheney
Member of the
U.S. House of Representatives
from New York
In office
January 3, 1971 – January 3, 1989
Preceded by Max McCarthy
Succeeded by Bill Paxon
Constituency 39th district
38th district
31st district
Personal details
Born Jack French Kemp
(1935-07-13)July 13, 1935
Los Angeles County, California, U.S.
Died May 2, 2009(2009-05-02) (aged 73)
Bethesda, Maryland, U.S.
Political party Republican
Spouse(s) Joanne Kemp
Children Jeff
Jennifer
Judith
Jimmy
Alma mater Occidental College
Religion Presbyterianism
Military service
Allegiance  United States of America
Service/branch  United States Army
Years of service 1958–1962
Rank Private
Unit U.S. Army Reserve

Jack French Kemp (July 13, 1935 – May 2, 2009) was an American politician and a professional gridiron football player. A Republican, he served as Housing Secretary in the administration of President George H. W. Bush from 1989 to 1993, having previously served nine terms as a congressman for Western New York's 31st congressional district from 1971 to 1989. He was the Republican Party's nominee for Vice President in the 1996 election, where he was the running mate of presidential nominee Bob Dole. Kemp had previously contended for the presidential nomination in the 1988 Republican primaries.

Before entering politics, Kemp was a professional quarterback for 13 years. He played briefly in the National Football League (NFL) and the Canadian Football League (CFL), but became a star in the American Football League (AFL). He served as captain of both the San Diego Chargers and Buffalo Bills and earned the AFL Most Valuable Player award in 1965 after leading the Bills to a second consecutive championship. He played in the AFL for all 10 years of its existence, appeared in its All-Star game seven times, played in its championship game five times, and set many of the league's career passing records. Kemp also co-founded the AFL Players Association, for which he served five terms as president. During the early part of his football career, he served in the United States Army Reserve.

As an economic conservative, Kemp advocated low taxes and supply-side policies during his political career. His positions spanned the social spectrum, ranging from his conservative opposition to abortion to his more libertarian stances advocating immigration reform. As a proponent of both Chicago school and supply-side economics, he is notable as an influence upon the Reagan agenda and the architect of the Economic Recovery Tax Act of 1981, which is known as the Kemp–Roth tax cut.

After his days in political office, Kemp remained active as a political advocate and commentator, and served on corporate and nonprofit organization boards. He also authored, co-authored, and edited several books. He promoted American football and advocated for retired professional football players. Kemp was posthumously awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 2009 by President Barack Obama.

Jack Kemp Oral History Interview

Former Secretary Jack Kemp talked about his life and career. He also talked about the career of former Senator Robert Dole (R-KS). In 1996 he was Senator ...

RNC Pays Tribute to Jack Kemp

The RNC pays tribute to Jack Kemp, a standard-bearer within the Republican Party for economic conservatism and lower taxes, and a true Lincoln Republican ...

USA: SAN DIEGO: REPUBLICAN CONVENTION: JACK KEMP SPEECH - 1996

English/Nat Republican Vice-Presidential candidate Jack Kemp has accepted his nomination with a spirited speech on the final night of the party convention in ...

USA: FLORIDA: VICE PRESIDENT DEBATE BETWEEN AL GORE AND JACK KEMP

English/Nat The U.S. Vice Presidential debate took place in Florida Wednesday night with Democratic Incumbent Al Gore and Republican challenger Jack Kemp ...

‘The Beltway Boys’ Remember Jack Kemp

Sep 30 -- On “With All Due Respect,” journalists Mort Kondracke and Fred Barnes, co-authors of "Jack Kemp: The Bleeding-Heart Conservative Who Changed ...

Jack Kemp: The Bleeding-Heart Conservative Who Changed America

The late 1970s were miserable for America. In the 1980s, it all turned around. Ronald Reagan's policies sparked an American renaissance, but the Gipper's ...