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Coordinates: 5°S 120°E / 5°S 120°E / -5; 120


Republik Indonesia
Flag of Indonesia
Coat of Arms of Indonesia
Flag Coat of Arms
Anthem: Indonesia Raya


Location of Indonesia
Capital
and largest city
Jakarta
6°10.5′S 106°49.7′E / 6.1750°S 106.8283°E / -6.1750; 106.8283
Official languages Indonesian
Spoken languages
Religion Recognised:
Islam
Protestantism
Roman Catholicism
Hinduism
Buddhism
Confucianism
Demonym Indonesian
Government Unitary presidential constitutional republic
Joko Widodo
Jusuf Kalla
Legislature People's Consultative Assembly
Regional Representative Council
People's Representative Council
Formation
2nd-century
• Islamic sultanates
12th-century
16th-century
20 March 1602
1 January 1800
• Japanese occupation
9 March 1942
17 August 1945
27 December 1949
• USI dissolved
17 August 1950
Area
• Land
1,904,569 km (735,358 sq mi) (14th)
4.85
Population
• 2015 estimate
255,461,700
• 2010 census
237,424,363 (4th)
• Density
124.66/km (322.9/sq mi) (84th)
GDP (PPP) 2016 estimate
• Total
$3.010 trillion (8th)
• Per capita
$11,633 (102nd)
GDP (nominal) 2016 estimate
• Total
$936.955 billion (16th)
• Per capita
$3,620 (117th)
Gini (2010) 35.6
medium
HDI (2014) Steady 0.684
medium · 110th
Currency Indonesian rupiah (Rp) (IDR)
Time zone various (UTC+7 to +9)
• Summer (DST)
various (UTC+7 to +9)
Date format DD/MM/YYYY
Drives on the left
Calling code +62
ISO 3166 code ID
Internet TLD .id
  1. ^a The government officially recognises only six religions: Islam, Protestantism, Roman Catholicism, Hinduism, Buddhism, and Confucianism.

Indonesia (/ˌɪndəˈnʒə/ IN-də-NEE-zhə or /ˌɪndˈnziə/ IN-doh-NEE-zee-ə; Indonesian: [ɪndonesia]), officially the Republic of Indonesia (Indonesian: Republik Indonesia [rɛpublik ɪndonesia]), is a unitary sovereign state and transcontinental country located mainly in Southeast Asia with some territories in Oceania. Situated between the Indian and Pacific oceans, it is the world's largest island country, with more than thirteen thousand islands. At 1,904,569 square kilometres (735,358 square miles), Indonesia is the world's 14th-largest country in terms of land area and world's 7th-largest country in terms of combined sea and land area. It has an estimated population of over 260 million people and is the world's fourth most populous country, the most populous Austronesian nation, as well as the most populous Muslim-majority country. The world's most populous island of Java contains more than half of the country's population.

Indonesia's republican form of government includes an elected legislature and president. Indonesia has 34 provinces, of which five have Special Administrative status. Its capital and country's most populous city is Jakarta; which is also the most populous city in Southeast Asia and the second in Asia. The country shares land borders with Papua New Guinea, East Timor, and the eastern part of Malaysia. Other neighbouring countries include Singapore, the Philippines, Australia, Palau, and the Indian territory of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands. Despite its large population and densely populated regions, Indonesia has vast areas of wilderness that support the world's second highest level of biodiversity. The country has abundant natural resources like oil and natural gas, tin, copper and gold. Agriculture mainly produces rice, palm oil, tea, coffee, cacao, medicinal plants, spices and rubber. Indonesia's major trading partners are Japan, United States, China and the surrounding countries of Singapore, Malaysia and Australia.

The Indonesian archipelago has been an important region for trade since at least the 7th century, when Srivijaya and then later Majapahit traded with China and India. Local rulers gradually absorbed foreign cultural, religious and political models from the early centuries CE, and Hindu and Buddhist kingdoms flourished. Indonesian history has been influenced by foreign powers drawn to its natural resources. Muslim traders and Sufi scholars brought the now-dominant Islam, while European powers brought Christianity and fought one another to monopolise trade in the Spice Islands of Maluku during the Age of Discovery. Following three and a half centuries of Dutch colonialism starting from Amboina and Batavia, and eventually all of the archipelago including Timor and West Papua, at times interrupted by Portuguese, French and British rule, Indonesia secured its independence after World War II. Indonesia also take a part to support Africa and Asian nations to oppose against any colonialism or neocolonialism.

Indonesia consists of hundreds of distinct native ethnic and linguistic groups. The largest – and politically dominant – ethnic group are the Javanese. A shared identity has developed, defined by a national language, ethnic diversity, religious pluralism within a Muslim-majority population, and a history of colonialism and rebellion against it. Indonesia's national motto, "Bhinneka Tunggal Ika" ("Unity in Diversity" literally, "many, yet one"), articulates the diversity that shapes the country. The Indonesian economy is the world's 16th largest by nominal GDP and the 8th largest by GDP at PPP, and considered as Emerging markets and Newly industrialised country. Indonesia has been a member of the United Nations since 1950. Indonesia was the founder of Non-Aligned Movement; and also the founding member of Association of Southeast Asian Nations, Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation, East Asia Summit, and Organisation of Islamic Cooperation. Indonesia is a member of the G20 major economies, OPEC, and World Trade Organization.