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Independent Catholic denominations, Catholics not in communion with Rome, or Breakaway Catholics, is a term for minor schismatic Christian denominations self-identifying as Catholic despite not affiliated with or recognised by the Catholic Church. Split in multiple groupings with estimated some 28 million members in total, the Independent Catholic denominations, their magistry, and sacraments are not recognised by the Catholic Church, the Eastern Orthodox Church or Oriental Orthodox Church.

Independent Catholic denominations, Catholics not in communion with Rome, or Breakaway Catholics, is a term for minor schismatic Christian denominations self-identifying as Catholic despite not affiliated with or recognised by the Catholic Church. Split in multiple groupings with estimated some 28 million members in total, the Independent Catholic denominations, their magistry, and sacraments are not recognised by the Catholic Church, the Eastern Orthodox Church or Oriental Orthodox Church.

Independent Catholic groups, while typically employing episcopal hierarchy claiming apostolic succession, differ from Protestantism in that they identify with and practice liturgy more closely inspired by the Catholic Church.

Bishops of Independent Catholic churches who were originally clergy of the Catholic Church but left are sometimes referred to as episcopi vagantes ("wandering bishops") because of their lack of communion. Their decisions to partake in schisms tend to stem from various perceived failures of the institution of the Catholic Church.

The term "independent Catholic" is not usually applied to Anglo-Catholics, the Church of England or to the other denominations within the Anglican Communion. However, "Independent Catholic" is sometimes applied to denominations which consider themselves to be "Old Catholic", including the Union of Utrecht, even though it is in communion with the Anglican Communion, although not an actual member of the group. In the case of Continuing Anglicanism outside the Anglican Communion, denominations self-identifying with Catholic tradition may sometimes be considered as Independent Catholic.

Various Independent Catholic groups have attracted a significant amount of criticism as part of their attention. As an example, regarding the Argentine Catholic Apostolic Church, a TV report exposed "sham" marriages by priests pretending to be of the Catholic Church, phoney miracles and fake exorcisms, as well as charitable works coupled with illegal practice of medicine, theft, securities fraud, attempted sexual corruption of minors, and other crimes.

Representatives of the Catholic Church consistently warn about the dangers of associating with these bodies.

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