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International Business Machines Corporation is an American multinational technology company headquartered in Armonk, New York, United States, with operations in over 170 countries. The company originated in 1911 as the Computing-Tabulating-Recording Company and was renamed "International Business Machines" in 1924.

International Business Machines Corporation
Public
Traded as
ISIN US4592001014
Industry
Founded June 16, 1911; 105 years ago (1911-06-16) (as Computing-Tabulating-Recording Company)
Endicott, New York, U.S.
Founder Charles Flint
Headquarters Armonk, New York, U.S.
Area served
170 countries
Key people
Ginni Rometty
()
Products See IBM products
Revenue Decrease US$ 81.741 billion (2015)
Operating income
Decrease US$ 15.944 billion (2015)
Increase US$ 13.190 billion (2015)
Total assets Decrease US$ 110.49 billion (2015)
Total equity Increase US$ 14.262 billion (2015)
Number of employees
377,757 (2015)
Website www.ibm.com

International Business Machines Corporation (commonly referred to as IBM) is an American multinational technology company headquartered in Armonk, New York, United States, with operations in over 170 countries. The company originated in 1911 as the Computing-Tabulating-Recording Company (CTR) and was renamed "International Business Machines" in 1924.

IBM manufactures and markets computer hardware, middleware and software, and offers hosting and consulting services in areas ranging from mainframe computers to nanotechnology. IBM is also a major research organization, holding the record for most patents generated by a business (as of 2016) for 23 consecutive years. Inventions by IBM include the automated teller machine (ATM), the floppy disk, the hard disk drive, the magnetic stripe card, the relational database, the SQL programming language, the UPC barcode, and dynamic random-access memory (DRAM).

IBM has continually shifted its business mix by exiting commoditizing markets and focusing on higher-value, more profitable markets. This includes spinning off printer manufacturer Lexmark in 1991 and selling off its personal computer (ThinkPad) and x86-based server businesses to Lenovo (2005 and 2014, respectively), and acquiring companies such as PwC Consulting (2002), SPSS (2009), and The Weather Company (2016). Also in 2014, IBM announced that it would go "fabless", continuing to design semiconductors but offloading manufacturing to GlobalFoundries.

Nicknamed Big Blue, IBM is one of 30 companies included in the Dow Jones Industrial Average and one of the world's largest employers, with (as of 2016) nearly 380,000 employees. Known as "IBMers", IBM employees have been awarded five Nobel Prizes, six Turing Awards, ten National Medals of Technology and five National Medals of Science.

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