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Helsinki ">[ˈhelsiŋki]; Swedish: Helsingfors) is the capital and largest city of Finland. It is in the region of Uusimaa, in southern Finland, on the shore of the Gulf of Finland. Helsinki has a population of 629,512, an urban population of 1,214,210, and a metropolitan population of over 1.4 million, making it the most populous municipality and urban area in Finland. Helsinki is located some 80 kilometres north of Tallinn, Estonia, 400 km east of Stockholm, Sweden, and 388 km west of Saint Petersburg, Russia. Helsinki has close historical connections with these three cities.


Helsinki – Helsingfors
City
Helsingin kaupunki
Helsingfors stad
City of Helsinki
Clockwise from top: Helsinki Cathedral, view of central Helsinki, Sanoma building and Kiasma, Helsinki city centre at night, beaches at Aurinkolahti, Parliament House and Suomenlinna.
Clockwise from top: Helsinki Cathedral, view of central Helsinki, Sanoma building and Kiasma, Helsinki city centre at night, beaches at Aurinkolahti, Parliament House and Suomenlinna.
Coat of arms of Helsinki
Nickname(s): Stadi, Hesa
Location in the Uusimaa region and the Helsinki sub-region
Helsinki is located in Finland
Helsinki
Helsinki
Coordinates: 60°10′15″N 024°56′15″E / 60.17083°N 24.93750°E / 60.17083; 24.93750Coordinates: 60°10′15″N 024°56′15″E / 60.17083°N 24.93750°E / 60.17083; 24.93750
Country Finland
Region Uusimaa
Sub-region Helsinki
Charter 1550
Capital city 1812
Government
 • Lord Mayor Jussi Pajunen
 • Mayor To be elected in 2017
Area (2011-01-01)
 • City 715.49 km (276.25 sq mi)
 • Land 213.75 km (82.53 sq mi)
 • Water 501.74 km (193.72 sq mi)
 • Urban 770.26 km (297.40 sq mi)
 • Metro 3,697.52 km (1,427.62 sq mi)
Area rank 170th largest in Finland
Population (2016-03-31)
 • City 629,512
 • Rank Largest in Finland
 • Density 2,945.09/km (7,627.7/sq mi)
 • Urban 1,125,136
 • Urban density 1,460.7/km (3,783/sq mi)
 • Metro 1,441,601
 • Metro density 389.9/km (1,010/sq mi)
Demonym(s)

helsinkiläinen (Finnish)
helsingforsare (Swedish)

Helsinkian (English)
Population by native language
 • Finnish 84.3% (official)
 • Swedish 6.1% (official)
 • Others 9.6%
Population by age
 • 0 to 14 13.7%
 • 15 to 64 72%
 • 65 or older 14.3%
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Municipal tax rate 18.5%
Climate Dfb
Website www.hel.fi

Helsinki (/hɛlˈsɪŋki/; [ˈhelsiŋki]; Swedish: Helsingfors) is the capital and largest city of Finland. It is in the region of Uusimaa, in southern Finland, on the shore of the Gulf of Finland. Helsinki has a population of 629,512, an urban population of 1,214,210, and a metropolitan population of over 1.4 million, making it the most populous municipality and urban area in Finland. Helsinki is located some 80 kilometres (50 mi) north of Tallinn, Estonia, 400 km (250 mi) east of Stockholm, Sweden, and 388 km (241 mi) west of Saint Petersburg, Russia. Helsinki has close historical connections with these three cities.

The Helsinki metropolitan area includes the urban core of Helsinki, Espoo, Vantaa, Kauniainen, and surrounding commuter towns. It is the world's northernmost metro area of over one million people, and the city is the northernmost capital of an EU member state. The Helsinki metropolitan area is the fourth largest metropolitan area in the Nordic countries, the City of Helsinki being the third largest after Stockholm and Oslo. Helsinki is Finland's major political, educational, financial, cultural, and research center as well as one of northern Europe's major cities. Approximately 75% of foreign companies operating in Finland have settled in the Helsinki region. The nearby municipality of Vantaa is the location of Helsinki Airport, with frequent service to various destinations in Europe and Asia.

In 2009, Helsinki was chosen to be the World Design Capital for 2012 by the International Council of Societies of Industrial Design, narrowly beating Eindhoven for the title. The city was the venue for the 1952 Summer Olympics and the 52nd Eurovision Song Contest 2007.

In 2011, the Monocle magazine ranked Helsinki the most liveable city in the world in its "Liveable Cities Index 2011". In the Economist Intelligence Unit's August 2015 Liveability survey, assessing the best and worst cities to live in globally, Helsinki placed among the world's top ten cities.