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Coordinates: 42°30′N 1°30′E / 42.500°N 1.500°E / 42.500; 1.500


Principat d'Andorra
Flag of Andorra
Coat of arms of Andorra
Flag Coat of arms
Motto: Virtus Unita Fortior
Location of  Andorra  (center of green circle)in Europe  (dark grey)  –  [Legend]
Location of  Andorra  (center of green circle)

in Europe  (dark grey)  –  [Legend]

Capital
and largest city
Andorra la Vella
42°30′N 1°31′E / 42.500°N 1.517°E / 42.500; 1.517
Official languages Catalan
Recognised languages
Ethnic groups (2012) 49% Andorran
24.6% Spanish
14.3% Portuguese
3.9% French
8.2% others
Demonym Andorran
Government Unitary parliamentary Semi-Elective diarchy
Joan Enric Vives Sicília
François Hollande
Josep Maria Mauri
Jean-Pierre Hugues
• Prime Minister
Antoni Martí
Legislature General Council
Independence
• from Aragon
1278
• from the French Empire
1814
Area
• Total
467.63 km (181 sq mi) (179th)
• Water (%)
0.26 (121.4 ha)
Population
• 2014 estimate
85,470
• Density
179.8/km (465.7/sq mi) (71st)
GDP (nominal) 2008 estimate
• Total
$4.510 billion (155th)
• Per capita
$53,383 (9th)
Gini (2003) 27.21
low
HDI (2014) Increase 0.845
very high · 34th
Currency Euro (EUR)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
• Summer (DST)
CEST (UTC+2)
Drives on the right
Calling code +376
ISO 3166 code AD
Internet TLD .ad
  1. Constitution of Andorra, Article 2.1. Spanish, French, and Portuguese are also widely spoken and understood. (See Languages of Andorra.)
  2. (French) Girard P & Gomez P (2009), Lacs des Pyrénées: Andorre. "Andorra en xifres 2007: Situació geogràfica, Departament d'Estadística, Govern d'Andorra" (PDF). Retrieved 26 August 2012. 
  3. "Informe sobre l'estat de la pobresa i la desigualtat al Principal d'Andorra (2003)" (PDF). Estadistica.ad. Retrieved 25 November 2012. 
  4. Before 1999, the French franc and Spanish peseta; the coins and notes of both currencies, however, remained legal tender until 2002. Small amounts of Andorran diners (divided into 100 centim) were minted after 1982.
  5. Also .cat, shared with Catalan-speaking territories.

Andorra (/ænˈdɔːrə/; [ənˈdorə], [anˈdɔra]), officially the Principality of Andorra (Catalan: Principat d'Andorra), also called the Principality of the Valleys of Andorra (Catalan: Principat de les Valls d'Andorra), is a sovereign landlocked microstate in Southwestern Europe, located in the eastern Pyrenees mountains and bordered by Spain and France. Created under a charter in 988, the present principality was formed in 1278. It is known as a principality as it is a monarchy headed by two Co-Princes – the Roman Catholic Bishop of Urgell in Spain, and the President of France.

Andorra is the sixth-smallest nation in Europe, having an area of 468 km (181 sq mi) and a population of approximately 85,000. Its capital Andorra la Vella is the highest capital city in Europe, at an elevation of 1,023 metres (3,356 ft) above sea level. The official language is Catalan, although Spanish, Portuguese, and French are also commonly spoken.

Andorra's tourism services an estimated 10.2 million visitors annually. It is not a member of the European Union, but the euro is the official currency. It has been a member of the United Nations since 1993. In 2013, the people of Andorra had the highest life expectancy in the world at 81 years, according to The Lancet.

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ANDORRA