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The Gulf War , codenamed Operation Desert Shield for operations leading to the buildup of troops and defense of Saudi Arabia and Operation Desert Storm in its combat phase, was a war waged by coalition forces from 34 nations led by the United States against Iraq in response to Iraq's invasion and annexation of Kuwait.

Gulf War
Gulf War Photobox.jpg
Clockwise from top: USAF F-15Es, F-16s, and a F-15C flying over burning Kuwaiti oil wells; British troops from the Staffordshire Regiment in Operation Granby; camera view from a Lockheed AC-130; Highway of Death; M728 Combat Engineer Vehicle.
Date Invasion of Kuwait
2–4 August 1990
Operation Desert Storm
17 January – 28 February 1991
(1 month, 1 week and 4 days)
Location Iraq, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, Israel and Persian Gulf
Result

Decisive Coalition victory

Belligerents

 Kuwait
 United States
 United Kingdom
 France

Iraq
 PLO (Support)
 Sudan (Support)
Commanders and leaders

Kuwait Jaber Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah
United States George H. W. Bush
United States Colin Powell
United States Norman Schwarzkopf
United States John J. Yeosock
United States Walter E. Boomer
United States Charles Horner
United States Stanley Arthur
Saudi Arabia King Fahd
Saudi Arabia Saleh Al-Muhaya
Saudi Arabia Khalid bin Sultan
United Kingdom Margaret Thatcher
United Kingdom John Major
United Kingdom Peter de la Billière
Canada Brian Mulroney
France François Mitterrand

France Michel Roquejeoffre

Iraq Saddam Hussein
Iraq Ali Hassan al-Majid
Iraq Izzat Ibrahim al-Douri
Iraq Salah Aboud Mahmoud
Iraq Hussein Kamel al-Majid

Iraq Abid Hamid Mahmud
Strength
956,600, including 700,000 US troops 650,000 soldiers
Casualties and losses

Coalition:
147 killed by enemy action, 145 non-hostile deaths
467 wounded in action
Total: 292 killed
776 wounded
31 Tanks destroyed/damaged


32 Bradley IFVs destroyed/damaged

1 M113 APC destroyed
2 British Warrior APCs destroyed
1 Artillery Piece destroyed
75 Aircraft destroyed
Kuwait:
200 killed
Iraqi:
20,000–35,000 killed
75,000+ wounded
3,700 tanks destroyed
2,400 APCs destroyed
2,600 Artillery Pieces destroyed
110 Aircraft destroyed
137 Aircraft escaped to Iran
19 naval ships sunk, 6 damaged

Kuwaiti civilian losses:
Over 1,000 killed
600 missing people
Iraqi civilian losses:
About 3,664 killed

Other civilian losses:
300 civilians killed, more injured