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Gujarat ">[ˈɡudʒɾaːt̪]) is a state in Western India, sometimes referred to as the "Jewel of Western India". It has an area of 196,024 km2 with a coastline of 1,600 km , most of which lies on the Kathiawar peninsula, and a population in excess of 60 million. The state is bordered by Rajasthan to the north, Maharashtra to the south, Madhya Pradesh to the east, and the Arabian Sea and the Pakistani province of Sindh to the west. Its capital city is Gandhinagar, while its largest city is Ahmedabad. Gujarat is home to the Gujarati-speaking people of India.


ગુજરાત
State
Gujarat
Gujarat in India
Coordinates (Gandhinagar): 23°13′N 72°41′E / 23.217°N 72.683°E / 23.217; 72.683Coordinates: 23°13′N 72°41′E / 23.217°N 72.683°E / 23.217; 72.683
Country  India
Formation 1 May 1960
Capital Gandhinagar
Largest city Ahmedabad
Districts 33
Government
 • Governor Om Prakash Kohli
 • Chief Minister Vijay Rupani (BJP)
 • Legislature Unicameral (182 seats)
 • Parliamentary constituency 26
 • High Court Gujarat High Court
Area
 • Total 196,024 km (75,685 sq mi)
Area rank 6th
Population (2011)
 • Total 60,383,628
 • Rank 9th
 • Density 310/km (800/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Gujarati
Languages
 • Official Hindi
English
 • Additional official None
Time zone IST (UTC+05:30)
ISO 3166 code IN-GJ
HDI Increase 0.527 (medium)
HDI rank 11th (2011)
Literacy 79.31%
Website gujaratindia.com

The state of Bombay was divided into two states i.e. Maharashtra and Gujarat by the Bombay (Reorganisation) Act 1960

Symbols of Gujarat
Language Gujarati
Song "Jai Jai Garavi Gujarat"
Calendar Saka
Animal Asiatic lion
Bird Greater flamingo
Flower Marigold (galgota)
Fruit Mango
Tree Banyan (Gujarati: 'વડ')
Sport Kabaddi/cricket

Gujarat (/ˌɡʊəˈrɑːt/ Gujǎrāt  [ˈɡudʒ(ə)ɾaːt̪]) is a state in Western India, sometimes referred to as the "Jewel of Western India". It has an area of 196,024 km (75,685 sq mi) with a coastline of 1,600 km (990 mi), most of which lies on the Kathiawar peninsula, and a population in excess of 60 million. The state is bordered by Rajasthan to the north, Maharashtra to the south, Madhya Pradesh to the east, and the Arabian Sea and the Pakistani province of Sindh to the west. Its capital city is Gandhinagar, while its largest city is Ahmedabad. Gujarat is home to the Gujarati-speaking people of India.

The state encompasses some sites of the ancient Indus Valley Civilization, such as Lothal and Dholavira. Lothal is believed to be one of the world's first seaports. Gujarat's coastal cities, chiefly Bharuch and Khambhat, served as ports and trading centres in the Maurya and Gupta empires, and during the succession of royal Saka dynasties from the Western Satraps era.

Gujarat was known to the ancient Greeks, and was familiar in other Western centres of civilisation through the end of the European Middle Ages. The oldest written record of Gujarat's 2,000-year maritime history is documented in a Greek book titled The Periplus of the Erythraean Sea: Travel and Trade in the Indian Ocean by a Merchant of the First Century.

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