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Gerald Rudolph Ford, Jr. was an American politician who served as the 38th President of the United States from 1974 to 1977. Prior to this he was the 40th Vice President of the United States, serving from 1973 until President Richard Nixon's resignation in 1974. He was the first person appointed to the vice presidency under the terms of the 25th Amendment, following the resignation of Vice President Spiro Agnew on October 10, 1973. Becoming president upon Richard Nixon's departure on August 9, 1974, he claimed the distinction as the first and to date only person to have served as both Vice President and President of the United States without being elected to either office. Before ascending to the vice presidency, Ford served 25 years as U.S. Representative from Michigan's 5th congressional district, the final nine of them as the House Minority Leader.

Ford, arms folded, in front of a United States flag and the Presidential seal.
Ford in August 1974
38th President of the United States
In office
August 9, 1974 – January 20, 1977
Vice President None
Nelson Rockefeller
Preceded by Richard Nixon
Succeeded by Jimmy Carter
40th Vice President of the United States
In office
December 6, 1973 – August 9, 1974
President Richard Nixon
Preceded by Spiro Agnew
Succeeded by Nelson Rockefeller
House Minority Leader
In office
January 3, 1965 – December 6, 1973
Whip Leslie C. Arends
Preceded by Charles A. Halleck
Succeeded by John Jacob Rhodes
Chair of the House Republican Conference
In office
January 3, 1963 – January 3, 1965
Leader Charles A. Halleck
Preceded by Charles B. Hoeven
Succeeded by Melvin Laird
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Michigan's 5th district
In office
January 3, 1949 – December 6, 1973
Preceded by Bartel J. Jonkman
Succeeded by Richard Vander Veen
Personal details
Born Leslie Lynch King Jr.
(1913-07-14)July 14, 1913
Omaha, Nebraska, U.S.
Died December 26, 2006(2006-12-26) (aged 93)
Rancho Mirage, California, U.S.
Cause of death Cerebrovascular disease and Coronary heart disease
Resting place Gerald R. Ford Museum
Grand Rapids, Michigan, U.S.
Political party Republican
Spouse(s) Betty Bloomer (m. 1948)
Children Michael, John, Steven, and Susan
Education
Profession Lawyer
Religion Christianity (Episcopalian)
Signature Gerald R. Ford
Military service
Service/branch United States Navy
Years of service 1942–46
Rank Lieutenant commander
Battles/wars World War II
Awards

Gerald Rudolph Ford, Jr. (born Leslie Lynch King, Jr.; July 14, 1913 – December 26, 2006) was an American politician who served as the 38th President of the United States from 1974 to 1977. Prior to this he was the 40th Vice President of the United States, serving from 1973 until President Richard Nixon's resignation in 1974. He was the first person appointed to the vice presidency under the terms of the 25th Amendment, following the resignation of Vice President Spiro Agnew on October 10, 1973. Becoming president upon Richard Nixon's departure on August 9, 1974, he claimed the distinction as the first and to date only person to have served as both Vice President and President of the United States without being elected to either office. Before ascending to the vice presidency, Ford served 25 years as U.S. Representative from Michigan's 5th congressional district, the final nine of them as the House Minority Leader.

As President, Ford signed the Helsinki Accords, marking a move toward détente in the Cold War. With the conquest of South Vietnam by North Vietnam nine months into his presidency, U.S. involvement in Vietnam essentially ended. Domestically, Ford presided over the worst economy in the four decades since the Great Depression, with growing inflation and a recession during his tenure. One of his more controversial acts was to grant a presidential pardon to President Richard Nixon for his role in the Watergate scandal. During Ford's presidency, foreign policy was characterized in procedural terms by the increased role Congress began to play, and by the corresponding curb on the powers of the President. In the Republican presidential primary campaign of 1976, Ford defeated then-former California Governor Ronald Reagan for the Republican nomination. He narrowly lost the presidential election to the Democratic challenger, then-former Georgia Governor Jimmy Carter, on November 2.

Following his years as President, Ford remained active in the Republican Party. After experiencing health problems, he died in his home on December 26, 2006. Ford lived longer than any other U.S. president, 93 years and 165 days, while his 895-day presidency remains the shortest term of all presidents who did not die in office. He is also the most recent former president and vice president to die.