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Emeritus , in its current usage, is an adjective used to designate a retired professor, pastor, bishop, pope, president, prime minister, or other personages.

Emeritus (/ˈmɛrtəs/) (Latin ēx, "out of", and meritus, "merit"), in its current usage, is an adjective used to designate a retired professor, pastor, bishop, pope, president, prime minister, or other personages.

In some cases the term is conferred automatically upon all persons who retire at a given rank, but in others it remains a mark of distinguished service, awarded to only a few on retirement. It is also used when a person of distinction in a profession retires or hands over the position, enabling their erstwhile rank to be retained in their title. The term emeritus does not necessarily signify that a person has relinquished all the duties of their erstwhile position and they may continue to exercise some of them.