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Edmund Burke was an Irish statesman born in Dublin, as well as an author, orator, political theorist, and philosopher who, after moving to London, served as a member of parliament for many years in the House of Commons with the Whig Party.

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The Right Honourable
Paymaster of the Forces
In office
1782–1782
Preceded by Richard Rigby
Succeeded by Isaac Barré
In office
1783–1783
Preceded by Isaac Barré
Succeeded by William Grenville
Personal details
Born 12 January 1729
Dublin, Ireland
Died 9 July 1797(1797-07-09) (aged 68)
Beaconsfield, Buckinghamshire, Great Britain

Edmund Burke (/bɜːrk/; 12 January [NS] 1729 – 9 July 1797) was an Irish statesman born in Dublin, as well as an author, orator, political theorist, and philosopher who, after moving to London, served as a member of parliament (MP) for many years in the House of Commons with the Whig Party.

Burke is remembered mainly for his support of the cause of the American Revolutionaries, Catholic emancipation, the impeachment of Warren Hastings from the East India Company, and for his later opposition to the French Revolution, the latter leading to his becoming the leading figure within the conservative faction of the Whig Party, which he dubbed the "Old Whigs", as opposed to the pro–French Revolution "New Whigs", led by Charles James Fox.

In the nineteenth century Burke was praised by both conservatives and liberals. Subsequently, in the twentieth century, he became widely regarded as the philosophical founder of modern conservatism.