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Dmitry Anatolyevich Medvedev ">[ˈdʲmʲitrʲɪj ɐnɐˈtolʲjɪvʲɪtɕ mʲɪˈdvʲedʲɪf], born 14 September 1965) is a Russian politician who is the current Prime Minister. From 2008 to 2012, Medvedev served as the third President of Russia.

Dmitry Medvedev, September 2016.jpeg
Medvedev in September 2016
Prime Minister of Russia
Assumed office
8 May 2012
President Vladimir Putin
First Deputy Viktor Zubkov
Igor Shuvalov
Preceded by Vladimir Putin
3rd President of Russia
In office
7 May 2008 – 7 May 2012
Prime Minister Vladimir Putin
Preceded by Vladimir Putin
Succeeded by Vladimir Putin
Chairman of the Council of Ministers of the Union State
Assumed office
18 July 2012
Preceded by Vladimir Putin
Leader of United Russia
Assumed office
30 May 2012
Preceded by Vladimir Putin
Leader of United Russia in the State Duma
Assumed office
24 September 2011
Preceded by Boris Gryzlov
First Deputy Prime Minister of Russia
In office
14 November 2005 – 12 May 2008
Serving with Sergei Ivanov
Prime Minister Mikhail Fradkov
Viktor Zubkov
Preceded by Mikhail Kasyanov
Succeeded by Viktor Zubkov
Igor Shuvalov
Kremlin Chief of Staff
In office
30 October 2003 – 14 November 2005
President Vladimir Putin
Preceded by Alexander Voloshin
Succeeded by Sergey Sobyanin
Personal details
Born Dmitry Anatolyevich Medvedev
(1965-09-14) 14 September 1965 (age 51)
Leningrad, Russian SFSR, Soviet Union
Nationality Russian
Political party Soviet Communist
United Russia
Spouse(s) Svetlana Linnik (m. 1993)
Children 1
Alma mater Leningrad State University

Dmitry Anatolyevich Medvedev (Russian: Дми́трий Анато́льевич Медве́дев, Dmitriy Anatolyevich Medvedev; [ˈdʲmʲitrʲɪj ɐnɐˈtolʲjɪvʲɪtɕ mʲɪˈdvʲedʲɪf], born 14 September 1965) is a Russian politician who is the current Prime Minister. From 2008 to 2012, Medvedev served as the third President of Russia.

Born to a family of academics, Medvedev graduated from the Leningrad State University Law Department in 1987. Medvedev defended his dissertation in 1990, and worked as a docent at his alma mater, now renamed the Saint Petersburg State University, where he taught Civil and Roman Law until 1999. Medvedev's political career began as the Election Campaign Manager, and later as an adviser of the St. Petersburg Mayor, Anatoly Sobchak. During this time, Medvedev befriended Vladimir Putin.

In November 1999, Medvedev was hired by the Russian Presidential Administration, where he worked as the Deputy Chief of Staff. In the 2000 Russian Presidential Elections, Medvedev was Putin's Campaign Manager.

On 14 November 2005, Medvedev was appointed First Deputy Prime Minister, and was tasked with overseeing National Priority Projects. Medvedev worked as the Chairman of Gazprom's Board of Directors, a post that he held until 2008.

On 10 December 2007, Medvedev was informally endorsed as a candidate for the forthcoming presidential elections by four political parties: United Russia, Fair Russia, Agrarian Party of Russia, and Civilian Power, and was officially endorsed by the United Russia Party on 17 December 2007. Medvedev's candidacy was backed by the popular outgoing President, Vladimir Putin, thus giving a significant boost to his popularity. The 2008 Presidential election, held on 2 March 2008, was won by Medvedev with 70.28% of the popular vote, and he was inaugurated on 7 May 2008.

Medvedev did not run for a second term as President, and therefore was appointed Prime Minister by President Vladimir Putin, who won the 2012 Presidential election. On 26 May 2012, Medvedev was appointed to be the Leader of United Russia Party.

Regarded as more liberal than his predecessor, Medvedev's top agenda as President was a wide-ranging modernisation programme, aiming at modernising Russia's economy and society, and lessening the country's reliance on oil and gas. During Medvedev's tenure, Russia emerged victorious in the Russo-Georgian War, and recovered from the Great Recession. Recognising corruption as a most severe problem in Russia, Medvedev launched an anti-corruption campaign, and initiated a substantial law enforcement reform.

In foreign policy, Medvedev's primary achievements include the signing of the New START treaty, a "reset" of Russia–United States relations, that were severely strained following Russia's war with Georgia, as well as increasing Russia's cooperation with the BRICS-countries, and gaining Russia's admission into the World Trade Organization (WTO) in 2011.