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David William Donald Cameron, PC is a British politician who was the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from May 2010 to July 2016. He served as the Leader of the Conservative Party from December 2005 to July 2016, and was Member of Parliament for Witney from June 2001 to September 2016. Cameron identifies as a One-Nation Conservative, and has been associated with both economically liberal and socially liberal policies.

The Right Honourable
David Cameron official.jpg
Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
In office
11 May 2010 – 13 July 2016
Monarch Elizabeth II
Deputy Nick Clegg
Preceded by Gordon Brown
Succeeded by Theresa May
Leader of the Opposition
In office
6 December 2005 – 11 May 2010
Monarch Elizabeth II
Prime Minister
Preceded by Michael Howard
Succeeded by Harriet Harman
Leader of the Conservative Party
In office
6 December 2005 – 11 July 2016
Preceded by Michael Howard
Succeeded by Theresa May
Shadow Secretary of State for Education and Skills
In office
6 May 2005 – 6 December 2005
Leader Michael Howard
Preceded by Tim Collins
Succeeded by David Willetts
Conservative Policy Review Coordinator
In office
15 March 2004 – 6 May 2005
Leader Michael Howard
Preceded by David Willetts
Succeeded by Oliver Letwin
Member of Parliament
for Witney
In office
7 June 2001 – 12 September 2016
Preceded by Shaun Woodward
Succeeded by Robert Courts
Personal details
Born David William Donald Cameron
(1966-10-09) 9 October 1966 (age 50)
London, England, UK
Political party Conservative
Spouse(s) Samantha Sheffield (m. 1996)
Children 4
Parents
Alma mater Brasenose College, Oxford
Religion Church of England
Signature

David William Donald Cameron, PC (/ˈkæmrən/; born 9 October 1966) is a British politician who was the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from May 2010 to July 2016. He served as the Leader of the Conservative Party from December 2005 to July 2016, and was Member of Parliament for Witney from June 2001 to September 2016. Cameron identifies as a One-Nation Conservative, and has been associated with both economically liberal and socially liberal policies.

Born in London to wealthy upper middle-class parents, Cameron was educated at Heatherdown School, Eton College, and Brasenose College, Oxford. From 1988 to 1993 he worked at the Conservative Research Department, assisting the Conservative Prime Minister John Major, before leaving politics to work for Carlton Communications in 1994. Becoming an MP in 2001, he served in the opposition shadow cabinet under Conservative leader Michael Howard, succeeding Howard in 2005. Cameron sought to rebrand the Conservatives, embracing an increasingly socially liberal position. The 2010 general election led to Cameron becoming Prime Minister as the head of a coalition government with the Liberal Democrats. His premiership was marked by the ongoing effects of the late-2000s financial crisis; these involved a large deficit in government finances that his government sought to reduce through austerity measures. His administration introduced large-scale changes to welfare, immigration policy, education, and healthcare. It privatised the Royal Mail and some other state assets, and legalised same-sex marriage.

Internationally, his government militarily intervened in the Libyan Civil War and later authorised the bombing of the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant; domestically, his government oversaw the referendum on voting reform and Scottish independence referendum, both of which confirmed Cameron's favoured outcome. When the Conservatives secured an unexpected majority in the 2015 general election, he remained as Prime Minister leading a Conservative government. To fulfil a manifesto pledge, he introduced a referendum on the UK's continuing membership of the EU. Cameron supported continued membership; following the success of the Leave vote, he resigned to make way for a new Prime Minister and was succeeded by Theresa May.

Cameron has been praised for modernising the Conservative Party and for decreasing the United Kingdom's national deficit. Conversely, he has been criticised by figures on both the left and right, and has been accused of political opportunism and elitism. Cameron appeared on the Forbes List of The World's Most Powerful People from 2010.

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