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Chicago , officially the City of Chicago, is the third-most populous city in the United States. With over 2.7 million residents, it is the most populous city in the state of Illinois and the Midwestern United States, and the county seat of Cook County. The Chicago metropolitan area, often referred to as Chicagoland, has nearly 10 million people and is the third-largest in the U.S.

City
City of Chicago
Clockwise from top: Downtown Chicago, the Chicago Theatre, the 'L', Navy Pier, Millennium Park, the Field Museum, and Willis Tower.
Flag of Chicago, Illinois
Official seal of Chicago, Illinois
Etymology: Miami-Illinois: shikaakwa ("wild onion" or "wild garlic")
Potawatomi: Gaa-zhigaagwanzhikaag
Nickname(s): Windy City, Chi-Town, Second City, City of Big Shoulders
(for more, see full list)
Motto: Latin: Urbs in Horto (City in a Garden), I Will
Location in Cook County and the state of Illinois.
Chicago is located in the US
Chicago
Chicago
Coordinates: 41°50′13″N 87°41′05″W / 41.83694°N 87.68472°W / 41.83694; -87.68472Coordinates: 41°50′13″N 87°41′05″W / 41.83694°N 87.68472°W / 41.83694; -87.68472
Country  United States
State  Illinois
Counties Cook and DuPage
Settled 1780s
Incorporated (town) August 12, 1833
Incorporated (city) March 4, 1837
Founded by Jean Baptiste Point du Sable
Named for Miami-Illinois: shikaakwa
(wild onion or wild garlic)
Government
 • Type Mayor–council
 • Body Chicago City Council
 • Mayor Rahm Emanuel (D)
 • City Clerk Susana A. Mendoza (D)
 • City Treasurer Kurt Summers, Jr. (D)
Area
 • City 234.0 sq mi (606 km)
 • Land 227.3 sq mi (589 km)
 • Water 6.9 sq mi (18 km)  3.0%
 • Urban 2,122.8 sq mi (5,498 km)
 • Metro 10,874 sq mi (28,160 km)
Elevation(mean) 594 ft (181 m)
Highest elevation
– near Blue Island
672 ft (205 m)
Lowest elevation
– at Lake Michigan
578 ft (176 m)
Population (2010)
 • City 2,695,598
 • Estimate (July 1, 2015) 2,720,546
 • Rank 3rd, U.S.
 • Density 11,864.4/sq mi (4,447.4/km)
 • Metro 9,551,031 (3rd)
 • CSA 9,923,358 (US: 3rd)
Demonym(s) Chicagoan
Time zone Central (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) Central (UTC-5)
ZIP Code Prefixes 606xx, 607xx, 608xx
Area codes 312/872 and 773/872
FIPS code 17-14000
GNIS feature ID 0428803
Website www.cityofchicago.org

Chicago (/ʃˈkɑːɡ/ or /ʃˈkɔːɡ/), officially the City of Chicago, is the third-most populous city in the United States. With over 2.7 million residents, it is the most populous city in the state of Illinois and the Midwestern United States, and the county seat of Cook County. The Chicago metropolitan area, often referred to as Chicagoland, has nearly 10 million people and is the third-largest in the U.S.

Chicago was incorporated as a city in 1837, near a portage between the Great Lakes and the Mississippi River watershed, and grew rapidly in the mid-nineteenth century. The city is an international hub for finance, commerce, industry, technology, telecommunications, and transportation: O'Hare International Airport is the second-busiest airport in the world when measured by aircraft traffic; the region also has the largest number of U.S. highways and rail road freight. In 2012, Chicago was listed as an alpha global city by the Globalization and World Cities Research Network, and ranked seventh in the world in the 2014 Global Cities Index. Chicago has the third-largest gross metropolitan product in the United States—about $630.3 billion according to 2014–2016 estimates. The city has one of the world's largest and most diversified economies with no single industry employing more than 14% of the workforce.

In 2015, Chicago hosted over 52 million international and domestic visitors, a new record for the city making it one of the top visited cities in the nation. Chicago's culture includes the visual arts, novels, film, theater, especially improvisational comedy, and music, particularly jazz, blues, soul, gospel and house music. There are many colleges and universities in the Chicago area; among these, Northwestern University, the University of Chicago, and the University of Illinois at Chicago are classified as "highest research" doctoral universities. Chicago also has professional sports teams in each of the major professional leagues. The city has many nicknames, the best-known being the Windy City.

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