WikiNow lets you discover the news you care about, follow the topics that matter to you and share your favourite stories with your friends.

© WikiNow

Catholic Ecumenical Councils include 21 councils over a period of 1700 years. While definitions changed throughout history, in today's Roman Catholic understanding Ecumenical Councils are assemblies of Patriarchs, Cardinals, residing Bishops, Abbots, male heads of religious orders and other juridical persons, nominated by the Pope. They meet to discuss matters of faith and Church discipline. Council decisions, to be valid, are approved by the popes. Participation is limited to these persons, who cannot delegate their voting rights.

A session of the Council of Trent, from an engraving.

Catholic Ecumenical Councils include 21 councils over a period of 1700 years. While definitions changed throughout history, in today's Roman Catholic understanding Ecumenical Councils are assemblies of Patriarchs, Cardinals, residing Bishops, Abbots, male heads of religious orders and other juridical persons, nominated by the Pope. They meet to discuss matters of faith and Church discipline. Council decisions, to be valid, are approved by the popes. Participation is limited to these persons, who cannot delegate their voting rights.

Ecumenical councils are different from provincial councils, where bishops of a Church province or region meet. Episcopal conferences and plenary councils are other bodies, meetings of bishops of one country, nation, or region, such as the United States Conference of Catholic Bishops. This article does not include councils of a lower order or regional councils. Ecumenical in the Catholic view does not mean that all bishops attended the councils, which was not even the case in Vatican II. Nor does ecumenical imply the participation of or acceptance by all Christian communities and Churches. Ecumenical refers to "a solemn congregations of the Catholic bishops of the world at the invitation of the Pope to decide on matters of the Church with him". The ecumenical character of the councils of the first millennium was not determined by the intention of those who issued the invitations. The papal approval of the early councils did not have a formal character, which was characteristic in later councils. The Catholic Church did not officially declare these Councils to be ecumenical. This became theological practice. Different evaluations existed between and within Christian communities.

Not all of the twenty-one councils were always accepted as ecumenical within the Catholic Church. For example, the inclusion of the First Lateran Council and the Council of Basel were disputed. A 1539 book on ecumenical councils by Cardinal Dominicus Jacobazzi excluded them as did other scholars. The first few centuries did not know large-scale ecumenical meetings; they were only feasible after the Church had gained freedom from persecution through Emperor Constantine.

The Ecumenical Councils | Holy History

EDIT 2: There was some confusion regarding my phrasing for the persons of God, here's a summary of heresies to avoid to clarification: ...

Ecumenical Councils ~ Fr Smith

Part 2 asks “What is an ecumenical council anyway? Why do we have them, and why are they so important in the life of the Church?” For Q&A at the end of the ...

What's up with all those Ecumenical Councils

The first gathering of the bishops of the Church, the Council of Jerusalem, occurred around A.D. 50 and is usually not counted as an ecumenical council.

The Pope and Early Ecumenical Councils

http://www.catholic.com/ Jimmy Akin answers a caller who asks why the bishops of Rome did not play a more pivotal role in the Ecumenical Councils of the early ...

What is Catholic ecumenical councils?, Explain Catholic ecumenical councils

Catholicecumenicalcouncils #audioversity ~~~ Catholic ecumenical councils ~~~ Title: What is Catholic ecumenical councils?, Explain Catholic ecumenical ...

The Ecumenical Councils: The First Ecumenical Council 325 AD

Adult catechism meets each Sunday at 10:30am in the Saint Nicholas Greek Orthodox Cathedral in Tarpon Springs, FL.