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Carl Schmitt ">[ʃmɪt]; 11 July 1888 – 7 April 1985) was a German jurist and political theorist. Schmitt wrote extensively about the effective wielding of political power. His work has been a major influence on subsequent political theory, legal theory, continental philosophy and political theology.

Born (1888-07-11)11 July 1888
Plettenberg, Westphalia, Prussia
Died 7 April 1985(1985-04-07) (aged 96)
Plettenberg, North Rhine-Westphalia, West Germany
Alma mater University of Berlin (1907)
University of Munich (1908)
University of Strasbourg (Dr.jur., 1915; Dr.habil., 1916)
Era 20th-century philosophy
Region Western Philosophy
School
Institutions University of Greifswald (1921)
University of Bonn (1921)
Technische Universität München (1928)
University of Cologne (1933)
University of Berlin (1933–1945)
Main interests
Notable ideas
State of exception, the friend–enemy distinction, sovereignty as a "borderline concept"

Carl Schmitt ( [ʃmɪt]; 11 July 1888 – 7 April 1985) was a German jurist and political theorist. Schmitt wrote extensively about the effective wielding of political power. His work has been a major influence on subsequent political theory, legal theory, continental philosophy and political theology.

Schmitt's work has attracted the attention of numerous philosophers and political theorists, including Walter Benjamin, Leo Strauss, Jürgen Habermas, Friedrich Hayek, Jacques Derrida, Hannah Arendt, Susan Buck-Morss, Giorgio Agamben, Jaime Guzmán, Antonio Negri, Slavoj Žižek and Avital Ronell among many others. Much of his work remains both influential and controversial presently due to his association with Nazism, for which he is known as the "crown jurist of the Third Reich".