The Cambodian Civil War was a military conflict that pitted the forces of the Communist Party of Kampuchea and their allies the Democratic Republic of Vietnam and the Viet Cong against the government forces of the Kingdom of Cambodia and, after October 1970, the Khmer Republic, which were supported by the United States and the Republic of Vietnam .
|Cambodian Civil War|
|Part of the Vietnam War, the Indochina Wars, and the Cold War|
South Vietnamese tanks entering a town at Cambodia in 1970.
| Kingdom of Cambodia |
|Commanders and leaders|
| Lon Nol |
Sisowath Sirik Matak
| Pol Pot |
|Casualties and losses|
The Cambodian Civil War (Khmer: សង្គ្រាមស៊ីវិលកម្ពុជា) was a military conflict that pitted the forces of the Communist Party of Kampuchea (known as the Khmer Rouge) and their allies the Democratic Republic of Vietnam (North Vietnam) and the Viet Cong against the government forces of the Kingdom of Cambodia and, after October 1970, the Khmer Republic, which were supported by the United States (U.S.) and the Republic of Vietnam (South Vietnam).
The struggle was complicated by the influence and actions of the allies of the two warring sides. People's Army of Vietnam (North Vietnamese Army) involvement was designed to protect its Base Areas and sanctuaries in eastern Cambodia, without which the prosecution of its military effort in South Vietnam would have been more difficult. The Cambodian coup of 18 March 1970 put a pro-American, anti-Vietnamese government in power and ended Cambodia's neutrality in the Vietnam War. The North Vietnamese Army (PAVN) was now threatened by a newly unfriendly Cambodian government.
Between March and June 1970, the North Vietnamese moved many of its military installations further inside Cambodia to protect them from U.S. incursions and bombing, capturing most of the northeastern third of the country in engagements with the Cambodian army. The North Vietnamese turned over some of their conquests and provided other assistance to the Khmer Rouge, thus empowering what was at the time a small guerilla movement. The Cambodian government hastened to expand its army to combat the North Vietnamese and the growing power of the Khmer Rouge.
The U.S. was motivated by the desire to buy time for its withdrawal from Southeast Asia, to protect its ally in South Vietnam, and to prevent the spread of communism to Cambodia. American and both South and North Vietnamese forces directly participated (at one time or another) in the fighting. The U.S. assisted the central government with massive U.S. aerial bombing campaigns and direct material and financial aid.
After five years of savage fighting, the Republican government was defeated on 17 April 1975 when the victorious Khmer Rouge proclaimed the establishment of Democratic Kampuchea.
The conflict was part of the Second Indochina War (1959–1975) which also consumed the neighboring Kingdom of Laos, South Vietnam, and North Vietnam individually referred to as the Laotian Civil War and the Vietnam War respectively. The Cambodian civil war led to the Cambodian Genocide, one of the bloodiest in history.
A comprehensive overview of the Cambodian Civil War that takes a deep dive into the causes, effects, and trauma of the situation.
Cambodia and the United States have a dark and violent history, which may have even led to the deaths of 3 million civilians in a nightmarish genocide by the ...
This video clip just a part of conflict between Pol Pot army and Lon Nol army before April 17, 1975. Source: tinyurl.com/lept2wy.
July 28, 2001 - Mr. Thayer talked about his coverage of the Khmer Rouge in the Cambodian jungles. He was the first journalist to conduct an on-the-record ...
Video Edit: I heavily understate the UN's role in jailing criminals in the video, and want to clarify. A number of Khmer Rouge leaders have been to jail, including ...