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The Bougainville Civil War, also known as the Bougainville Conflict, was an armed conflict fought from 1988 to 1998 between Papua New Guinea and the Bougainville Revolutionary Army , who were fighting for independence. The war has been described as the largest conflict in Oceania since the end of World War II, with an estimated 15,000 to 20,000 Bougainvillean dead.

Bougainville Civil War
Bvdistricts.svg
District map of Bougainville (North Solomons) though with the international boundary incorrectly placed southeast of Shortland and Ovau and Fauro islands
Date 1 December 1988 – 20 April 1998
Location Bougainville, Solomon Islands, Papua New Guinea, Solomon Sea
Result
Belligerents

 Papua New Guinea

  • Buka Liberation Front
  • Bougainville Resistance Force

Supported by:

Australia Australia

Autonomous Region of Bougainville Bougainville Interim Government (BIG)

Supported by:

 Solomon Islands
 Fiji (alleged)
Commanders and leaders
Papua New Guinea Julius Chan
Papua New Guinea Jerry Singirok  
Papua New Guinea Paias Wingti
Papua New Guinea Bill Skate
Papua New Guinea Rabbie Namaliu
Autonomous Region of Bougainville Francis Ona
Autonomous Region of Bougainville Sam Kauona
Autonomous Region of Bougainville Theodore Miriung  
Autonomous Region of Bougainville Ishmael Toroama
Autonomous Region of Bougainville Joseph Kabui
Strength
~ 800 soldiers
150 police
Several thousand resistance fighters
4 UH-1 Iroquois helicopters
4 Pacific-class patrol boats
~ 2,000
Casualties and losses
300+ PNGDF soldiers killed
Several thousand wounded
1,000–2,000 fighters killed
Approx. 15,000 to 20,000 Bougainvilleans dead

The Bougainville Civil War, also known as the Bougainville Conflict, was an armed conflict fought from 1988 to 1998 between Papua New Guinea and the Bougainville Revolutionary Army (BRA), who were fighting for independence. The war has been described as the largest conflict in Oceania since the end of World War II, with an estimated 15,000 to 20,000 Bougainvillean dead.