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The Border–Gavaskar Trophy is a Test cricket series, played between India and Australia. It has witnessed some of the most competitive Test series played in recent years, with a number of results being a narrow win for one of the sides or a closely fought draw. It is currently played via the International Cricket Council's future tours program, with varying lengths of time between matches. If the series is drawn, then the country holding the trophy retains it. The series is named after Australia's Allan Border and India's Sunil Gavaskar, who both scored over 10,000 Test runs in their career and captained their respective teams and were the original world record holders for most runs scored in Test match cricket.

Border-Gavaskar Trophy
Border–Gavaskar Trophy.jpg
The Border-Gavaskar Trophy
Administrator Cricket Australia and BCCI
Format Test
First tournament 1996
Last tournament 2014–15
Next tournament 2016–17
Tournament format series
Number of teams 2
Current trophy holder Australia Australia (5th title)
Most successful  India (6 titles)
Most runs India Sachin Tendulkar (2,380)
Most wickets India Anil Kumble (111)
India's tour of Australia in 2014-15

The Border–Gavaskar Trophy is a Test cricket series, played between India and Australia. It has witnessed some of the most competitive Test series played in recent years, with a number of results being a narrow win for one of the sides or a closely fought draw. It is currently played via the International Cricket Council's future tours program, with varying lengths of time between matches. If the series is drawn, then the country holding the trophy retains it. The series is named after Australia's Allan Border and India's Sunil Gavaskar, who both scored over 10,000 Test runs in their career and captained their respective teams and were the original world record holders for most runs scored in Test match cricket.

The first Border–Gavaskar Trophy series was played in India the 1996–97 season and was won by the hosts 1–0. Australia won the trophy for the first time in the 1999–00 season at home where they defeated India 3-0. Since then, the trophy has alternated between both the teams. Australia's failure to win the Border–Gavaskar Trophy in India led to Steve Waugh dubbing the Indian tour as the "Final Frontier" for the Australian team. In 2004–05, Australia defeated India 2–1 in India. Australia's usual captain, Ricky Ponting, did not play in the winning matches due to injury and Adam Gilchrist instead captained the winning sides. In the 2008–09 edition, India defeated Australia 2–0 in a four match series in India to regain the trophy. In 2010 India retained the trophy by winning the two match series 2–0. Australia won the 2011–12 series 4-0, and regained the trophy for the first time since 2007–08. India returned the favour in the 2013 series by completing a 4–0 "whitewash" of Australia to regain the trophy, before losing it to the current champions Australia in the most recent 2014–15 series with a 2-0 defeat.