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Bombay State was a large Indian state created at the time of India's Independence, with other regions being added to it in the succeeding years. Bombay Presidency was merged with the princely states of the Baroda, Western India and Gujarat and Deccan States (which included parts of the present-day Indian states of Maharashtra and Karnataka.


State of Bombay (1950 - 1960)
State of India
1947–1960
 

Location of Bombay State
Bombay State, 1956-1960
Location of Bombay State
Bombay state in red
History
 •  Abolition of the Bombay Presidency, Deccan States Agency and Baroda, Western India and Gujarat States Agency (partial) 1947
 •  Merged Kutch State 1956
 •  Merged Saurashtra State 1956
 •  Divided into Maharashtra and Gujarat states 1960
Area
 •  1956 494,358 km (190,873 sq mi)
Population
 •  1956 48,264,622 
Density 97.6 /km  (252.9 /sq mi)
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Bombay Presidency
Deccan States Agency
Baroda, Western India and Gujarat States Agency
Saurashtra State
Kutch State
Maharashtra
Gujarat
Bombay Presidency in 1909, southern portion
Bombay Presidency in 1909, northern portion

Bombay State was a large Indian state created at the time of India's Independence, with other regions being added to it in the succeeding years. Bombay Presidency (roughly equating to the present-day Indian state of Maharashtra, excluding South Maharashtra and Vidarbha) was merged with the princely states of the Baroda, Western India and Gujarat (the present-day Indian state of Gujarat) and Deccan States (which included parts of the present-day Indian states of Maharashtra and Karnataka.

On November 1, 1956, Bombay State was re-organized under the States Reorganisation Act on linguistic lines, absorbing various territories including the Saurashtra and Kutch States, which ceased to exist. On May 1, 1960, Bombay State was dissolved and split on linguistic lines into the two states of Gujarat, with Gujarati speaking population and Maharashtra, with a largely Marathi speaking population..