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Antonin Gregory Scalia was an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States from 1986 until his death in 2016. Appointed to the Court by President Ronald Reagan in 1986, Scalia was described as the intellectual anchor for the originalist and textualist position in the Court's conservative wing.

Portrait of Antonin Scalia, Associate Justice, U.S. Supreme Court
Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States
In office
September 26, 1986 – February 12/13, 2016
Nominated by Ronald Reagan
Preceded by William Rehnquist
Succeeded by Vacant
Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit
In office
August 17, 1982 – September 26, 1986
Nominated by Ronald Reagan
Preceded by Roger Robb
Succeeded by David Sentelle
United States Assistant Attorney General for the Office of Legal Counsel
In office
August 22, 1974 – January 20, 1977
President Gerald Ford
Preceded by Roger C. Cramton
Succeeded by John Harmon
Personal details
Born Antonin Gregory Scalia
(1936-03-11)March 11, 1936
Trenton, New Jersey, U.S
Died February 12/13, 2016 (aged 79)
Shafter, Texas, U.S.
Spouse(s) Maureen McCarthy (m. 1960; his death 2016)
Children 9 (including Eugene)
Alma mater Georgetown University
Harvard University
Religion Roman Catholicism
Signature A cursive, not particularly legible "Antonin Scalia"

Antonin Gregory Scalia (/skəˈlə/; March 11, 1936 – February 12/13, 2016) was an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States from 1986 until his death in 2016. Appointed to the Court by President Ronald Reagan in 1986, Scalia was described as the intellectual anchor for the originalist and textualist position in the Court's conservative wing.

Scalia was born in Trenton, New Jersey. He attended public grade school, Xavier High School in Manhattan, and then college at Georgetown University in Washington, D.C. He obtained his law degree from Harvard Law School and spent six years in a Cleveland law firm, before he became a law school professor at the University of Virginia. In the early 1970s, he served in the Nixon and Ford administrations, eventually as an Assistant Attorney General. He spent most of the Carter years teaching at the University of Chicago, where he became one of the first faculty advisers of the fledgling Federalist Society. In 1982, Ronald Reagan appointed him as judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit. In 1986, Reagan appointed him to the Supreme Court. Scalia was unanimously confirmed by the Senate, becoming the first Italian-American justice.

Scalia served on the Court for nearly thirty years, during which time he espoused a conservative jurisprudence and ideology, advocating textualism in statutory interpretation and originalism in constitutional interpretation. He was a strong defender of the powers of the executive branch, believing presidential power should be paramount in many areas. He opposed affirmative action and other policies that treated minorities as special groups. He filed separate opinions in many cases and often castigated the Court's majority in his minority opinions using scathing language.