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Allahabad , also known as Prayag is a city in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh and the administrative headquarters of Allahabad District, the most populous district in the state. As of 2011, Allahabad is the seventh most populous city in the state, twelfth in the Northern India and thirty-sixth in India, with an estimated population of 1.11 million in the city and 1.21 million in its metropolitan region. In 2011 it was ranked the world's 130th fastest-growing city. Allahabad, in 2013, was ranked the third most liveable city in the state and twenty-ninth in the country.


इलाहाबाद
Prayag
Metropolis
Clockwise from top left: All Saints Cathedral, Khusro Bagh, the Allahabad High Court, the New Yamuna Bridge near Sangam, skyline of Civil Lines, the University of Allahabad, Thornhill Mayne Memorial at Alfred Park and Anand Bhavan.
Clockwise from top left: All Saints Cathedral, Khusro Bagh, the Allahabad High Court, the New Yamuna Bridge near Sangam, skyline of Civil Lines, the University of Allahabad, Thornhill Mayne Memorial at Alfred Park and Anand Bhavan.
Nickname(s): City of Prime Ministers,
Sangam City
Allahabad is located in Uttar Pradesh
Allahabad
Allahabad
Coordinates: 25°27′N 82°30′E / 25.45°N 82.5°E / 25.45; 82.5Coordinates: 25°27′N 82°30′E / 25.45°N 82.5°E / 25.45; 82.5
Country  India
State Uttar Pradesh
District Allahabad
Government
 • Type Mayor–Council
 • Body Allahabad Municipal Corporation
 • Member of Parliament Shyama Charan Gupta (Agrahari)
Area
 • Metropolis 1,350 km (520 sq mi)
Elevation 98 m (322 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Metropolis 1,117,094
 • Rank 36th
 • Density 830/km (2,100/sq mi)
 • Metro 1,216,719
 • Metro rank 23rd
Demonym(s) Allahabadi, Ilahabadi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 211001-18
Telephone code +91-532
Vehicle registration UP-70
Sex ratio 978 /1000
Official language Hindi
Additional official language Urdu
Website allahabad.nic.in

Allahabad (/əˈlɑːhəbɑːd/), also known as Prayag (/prəˈjɑːɡ/) is a city in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh and the administrative headquarters of Allahabad District, the most populous district in the state. As of 2011, Allahabad is the seventh most populous city in the state, twelfth in the Northern India and thirty-sixth in India, with an estimated population of 1.11 million in the city and 1.21 million in its metropolitan region. In 2011 it was ranked the world's 130th fastest-growing city. Allahabad, in 2013, was ranked the third most liveable city in the state (after Noida and Lucknow) and twenty-ninth in the country.

The city's original name – Prayag, or "place of offerings" – comes from its position at the Sangam (confluence) of the Ganga, Yamuna and mythical Sarasvati rivers. It is the second-oldest city in India, and plays a central role in Hindu scriptures. Allahabad was originally called Kaushambi (now a separate district) by the Kuru rulers of Hastinapur, who developed it as their capital. Since then, Allahabad has been a political, cultural and administrative centre of the Doab region. Mughal emperor Akbar renamed it Ilahabad, which the British changed to Allahabad. In 1833 it became the seat of the Ceded and Conquered Provinces region before its capital was moved to Agra in 1835. Allahabad became the capital of the North-Western Provinces in 1858, and was the capital of India for a day. The city was the capital of the United Provinces from 1902 to 1920 and remained at the forefront of national importance during the struggle for Indian independence.

Located in southern Uttar Pradesh, the city's metropolitan area covers 70.5 km (27.22 sq miles). Although the city and its surrounding area are governed by several municipalities, a large portion of Allahabad District is governed by the Allahabad City Council. The city is home to colleges, research institutions and central and state government offices. Allahabad has hosted cultural and sporting events, including Kumbh Mela and the Indira Marathon. Although the city's economy was built on tourism, most of its income now derives from real estate and financial services.

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