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Ahmedabad ">[ˈəmdɑːvɑːd]) is the largest city and former capital of Gujarat, which is a state in India. It is the administrative headquarters of the Ahmedabad district and the seat of the Gujarat High Court. With a population of more than 6.3 million and an extended population of 7.8 million, it is the sixth largest city and seventh largest metropolitan area of India. Ahmedabad is located on the banks of the Sabarmati River, 30 km from the state capital Gandhinagar, which is its twin city.


અમદાવાદ
Metropolis
Clockwise from topː Gandhi Smarak Sangrahalay at Sabarmati Ashram, Ahmedabad Railway Station, CEPT University, Kankaria Lake and the Kirti Stambh at Hutheesing Temple
Clockwise from topː Gandhi Smarak Sangrahalay at Sabarmati Ashram, Ahmedabad Railway Station, CEPT University, Kankaria Lake and the Kirti Stambh at Hutheesing Temple
Ahmedabad is located in Gujarat
Ahmedabad
Ahmedabad
Ahmedabad is located in India
Ahmedabad
Ahmedabad
Coordinates: 23°02′N 72°35′E / 23.03°N 72.58°E / 23.03; 72.58Coordinates: 23°02′N 72°35′E / 23.03°N 72.58°E / 23.03; 72.58
Country  India
State Gujarat
District Ahmedabad
Established
  • in 11th century as Ashaval and later Karnavati
  • on 26 February 1411 as Ahmedabad
Government
 • Type Mayor–Council
 • Body AMC
 • Mayor Gautam Shah (BJP)
 • Deputy Mayor Pramoda Sutariya
 • Municipal commissioner Mukesh Kumar
Area
 • Metropolis 464.165 km (179.215 sq mi)
Elevation 53 m (174 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Metropolis 5,577,967
 • Rank 6th
 • Density 12,000/km (31,000/sq mi)
 • Metro 6,357,693
Demonym(s) Ahmedabadi/Amdavadi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Pincode(s) 380 0XX
Area code(s) 079
Vehicle registration GJ-1 (west),GJ-27 (East),
Sex ratio 1.11 /
Literacy rate 89.62
Source: Census of India.

Ahmedabad (/ˈɑːmdəbɑːd/; also known as Amdavad [ˈəmdɑːvɑːd]) is the largest city and former capital of Gujarat, which is a state in India. It is the administrative headquarters of the Ahmedabad district and the seat of the Gujarat High Court. With a population of more than 6.3 million and an extended population of 7.8 million, it is the sixth largest city and seventh largest metropolitan area of India. Ahmedabad is located on the banks of the Sabarmati River, 30 km (19 mi) from the state capital Gandhinagar, which is its twin city.

Ahmedabad has emerged as an important economic and industrial hub in India. It is the second largest producer of cotton in India, and its stock exchange is the country's second oldest. Cricket is a popular sport in Ahmedabad, which houses the 54,000-seat Sardar Patel Stadium. The effects of liberalisation of the Indian economy have energised the city's economy towards tertiary sector activities like commerce, communication and construction. Ahmedabad's increasing population has resulted in an increase in the construction and housing industries resulting in recent development of skyscrapers.

In 2010, it was ranked third in Forbes's list of fastest growing cities of the decade. In 2012, The Times of India chose Ahmedabad as the best city to live in in India. As of 2014, Ahmedabad's estimated gross domestic product was $119 billion

Ahmedabad has been selected as one of the hundred Indian cities to be developed as a smart city under PM Narendra Modi's flagship Smart Cities Mission.