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Xi Jinping ">[ɕǐ tɕîn.pʰǐŋ], Chinese: 习近平; born 15 June 1953) is a Chinese politician who is the current General Secretary of the Communist Party of China, President of the People's Republic of China, and Chairman of the Central Military Commission. As Xi holds the top offices of the party and the military, in addition to being the head of state through the office of the president, Xi is sometimes referred to as China's "Paramount Leader" and since the formal endorsement during the sixth plenum, is officially called a "core" leader. As the general secretary , Xi is also an ex-officio member of the Politburo Standing Committee, China's top decision-making body.

习近平
Xi Jinping October 2015.jpg
Xi Jinping in London, 2015
General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China
Assumed office
15 November 2012
Hierarchy
Preceded by Hu Jintao
President of the People's Republic of China
Assumed office
14 March 2013
Premier Li Keqiang
Vice President Li Yuanchao
Preceded by Hu Jintao
Chairman of the Central Military Commission
Assumed office
15 November 2012
14 March 2013
Deputy Fan Changlong
Xu Qiliang
Preceded by Hu Jintao
Commander-in-chief of Joint battle command of People's Liberation Army
Assumed office
21 April 2016
Preceded by office established
Vice Chairman of the Central Military Commission
In office
18 October 2010 – 15 November 2012
28 October 2010 – 14 March 2013
Serving with Guo Boxiong & Xu Caihou
Chairman Hu Jintao
Vice President of the People's Republic of China
In office
14 March 2008 – 14 March 2013
President Hu Jintao
Preceded by Zeng Qinghong
Succeeded by Li Yuanchao
Personal details
Born (1953-06-15) 15 June 1953 (age 63)
Beijing, People's Republic of China
Political party Communist Party of China (1974-present)
Spouse(s) Ke Lingling (divorced)
Peng Liyuan (m. 1987)
Relations Xi Zhongxun (father)
Qi Xin (mother)
Qi Qiaoqiao (sister)
Qi An'an (sister)
Xi Heping (brother)
Xi Qianping (brother)
Xi Zhengning (brother)
Xi Yuanping (brother)
Deng Jiagui (brother-in-law)
Children Xi Mingze (daughter)
Residence Zhongnanhai
Alma mater Tsinghua University


Xi Jinping
Xi Jinping (Chinese characters).svg
"Xi Jinping" in Simplified (top) and Traditional (bottom) Chinese characters
Simplified Chinese 习近平
Traditional Chinese 習近平

Xi Jinping ( [ɕǐ tɕîn.pʰǐŋ], Chinese: 习近平; born 15 June 1953) is a Chinese politician who is the current General Secretary of the Communist Party of China, President of the People's Republic of China, and Chairman of the Central Military Commission. As Xi holds the top offices of the party and the military, in addition to being the head of state through the office of the president, Xi is sometimes referred to as China's "Paramount Leader" and since the formal endorsement during the sixth plenum, is officially called a "core" leader. As the general secretary (de facto leader), Xi is also an ex-officio member of the Politburo Standing Committee, China's top decision-making body.

The son of Communist veteran Xi Zhongxun, Xi Jinping rose through the ranks politically in China's coastal provinces. Xi was governor of Fujian from 1999 to 2002, and governor and Party Committee Secretary of neighboring Zhejiang province from 2002 to 2007. Following the dismissal of Chen Liangyu, Xi was transferred to Shanghai as the Party Secretary for a brief period in 2007. Xi joined the Politburo standing committee and central secretariat in October 2007, and was Hu Jintao's successor. Xi was vice-president from 2008 to 2013 and Vice Chairman of the Central Military Commission from 2010 to 2012.

Xi has attempted to legitimize the authority of the Communist Party by introducing far-ranging measures to enforce party discipline and to ensure internal unity. He initiated an unprecedented and far-reaching campaign against corruption, leading to high-profile arrests such as General Xu Caihou and Zhou Yongkang. Xi has also imposed further restrictions over ideological discourse, advocating the concept of "internet sovereignty".

Considered the central figure of the People's Republic's fifth generation of leadership, Xi has significantly centralized institutional power by taking on a wide range of leadership positions, including chairing the newly formed National Security Commission, as well as new steering committees on economic and social reforms, military reform, and the Internet. Xi has called for further market economic reforms, for governing according to the law and for strengthening legal institutions, with an emphasis on individual and national aspirations under the neologism "Chinese Dream". Xi has also championed a more assertive foreign policy, particularly in relation to Sino-Japanese relations, China's claims to the bulk of the South China Sea Islands, involvement in Asian regional affairs, and initiatives related to energy and natural resources.

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