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The axel is a figure skating jump with a forward take off. It is named after Norwegian figure skater Axel Paulsen, who, in 1882, was the first skater to perform the jump. Compared to other common figure skating jumps, an axel has an extra ½ rotation in the air because of its forward take off. Most skaters perform the jump with counterclockwise rotation, taking off from the left forward outside edge and landing on the right back outside edge. . The axel can also be done as a double jump with 2 ½ rotations, or as a triple jump with 3 ½ rotations, or a quadruple axel with 4 1/2 rotations, but no skater has yet accomplished a quadruple axel in competition.

Figure skating element
Axel Paulsen jump without text.svg
A single Axel jump.
Element name: Axel jump
Alternative name: Axel Paulsen jump
Scoring abbreviation: A
Element type: Jump
Take-off edge: Forward outside
Landing edge: Back outside
Inventor: Axel Paulsen

The axel is a figure skating jump with a forward take off. It is named after Norwegian figure skater Axel Paulsen, who, in 1882, was the first skater to perform the jump. Compared to other common figure skating jumps, an axel has an extra ½ rotation in the air because of its forward take off. Most skaters perform the jump with counterclockwise rotation, taking off from the left forward outside edge and landing on the right back outside edge. (But a minority of skaters perform it the opposite direction). The axel can also be done as a double jump with 2 ½ rotations, or as a triple jump with 3 ½ rotations, or a quadruple axel with 4 1/2 rotations, but no skater has yet accomplished a quadruple axel in competition.